Robert Stephen Carlisle, Ph.D.

Department of English
California State University, Bakersfield
9001 Stockdale Highway
Bakersfield, CA 93311


Courses for fall 2017


English 3620: Language Structure and Acquisition for K-8 Teachers Online

English 4648: Sociolinguistics Online



Dissertation title: The writing of Anglo and Hispanic fourth and sixth grade students in bilingual, submersion, and regular programs.


Research Areas and Specializations


Selected Publications

Carlisle, R. S. (1988). The effects of markedness on epenthesis in Spanish/English interlanguage phonology.  Issues and Developments in English and Applied Linguistics, 3, 15-23.

Carlisle, R. S. (1989). The writing of Anglo and Hispanic students in bilingual, submersion, and regular programs.  Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 11(3), 357-390.

Carlisle, R. S. (1990). Crowfoot's dying speech. Alberta History, 38(3), 16-17.

Carlisle, R. S. (1991). The influence of environment on vowel epenthesis in Spanish/English interphonology. Applied Linguistics, 12, 76-95.

Carlisle, R. S. (1991). The influence of syllable structure universals on the variability of interlanguage phonology.  In A. Volpe (Ed.),The Seventeenth LACUS Forum 1990(pp. 135-145). Lake Bluff, IL: The Linguistic Association of Canada and the United States.

Carlisle, R. S., & McKenna, E. (1991). Assessing the writing of non-native English speakers.In L. Hamp-Lyons (Ed.), Assessing Second Language Writing in Academic Contexts (pp.197-211). Norwood, NJ: Ablex.

Carlisle, R. S. (1992). Environment and markedness as interacting constraints on vowel epenthesis.  In J. Leather & A. James (Eds.), New Sounds 92 (pp. 64-75). Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam Press.

Carlisle, R. S. (1994). Influences of L1 writing proficiency on L2 writing proficiency. In R. DeVillar, C. Faltis, and J. Cummins (Eds.), Successful Cultural Diversity: From rhetoric to Practice (pp.167-187). Albany, NY: SUNY Press.

Carlisle, R. S. (1994). Markedness and environment as internal constraints in the variability of interlanguage phonology. In M. Yavas (Ed.), First and Second Language Phonology (pp. 223-249). San Diego: Singular Publishing Company.

Carlisle, R. S., Charmley, T., Salgueiro-Carlisle, M., & Bennett, K. (1997). Errors with inflectional morphemes in the English compositions of LEP students.  In A. Melby (Ed.), The Twenty-Third LACUS Forum 1996 (pp.461-474). The Linguistic Association of Canada and the United States.

Carlisle, R. S. (1997). The modification of onsets in a markedness relationship: Testing the interlanguage structural conformity hypothesis.  Language Learning, 47, 327-361.

Carlisle, R. S. (1998). The Acquisition of Onsets in a Markedness Relationship: A Longitudinal Study. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 20, 245-260.

Carlisle, R. S. (2001). Syllable Structure Universals and Second Language Acquisition. International Journal of English Studies, 1 (1), 1-19.

Carlisle, R. S.(2002). The Acquisition of Two and Three Member Onsets: Time III of a Longitudinal Study.  In A. James & J. Leather (Eds.), New Sounds 2000 (pp.42-47). Klagenfurt, Austria: University of Klagenfurt Press.

Carlisle, R. S. (2006). The Sonority Cycle and the Acquisition of Complex Onsets. In B. Baptista & A. Watkins (Eds.), English with a Latin Beat: Studies in Portuguese/Spanish-English Interphonology (pp. 105-137). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Carlisle, R. S. (2010). Word-final Sonority as an Environmental Constraint on Prothesis. In A. Rauber, M. Watkins, R. Silveira & R. Koerich (Eds.), The acquisition of second language speech: Studies in honor of Professor Barbara O. Baptista (pp. 243-266). Santa Catarina: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina.

Carlisle, R. S. (2012). Segments. In C. Chapelle (Ed.), The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. Wiley-Blackwell.

Carlisle, R. S. & Cutillas Espinosa, J. A. (2015).  The Production of /.sC/ Onsets in a Markedness Relationship: Investigating the Ontogeny Phylogeny Model with Longitudinal Data.  In M. Yavas (Ed.), Unusual Productions in Phonology: Universals and Language-Specific Considerations (pp. 183-205).  New York:  Psychology Press.

Carlisle, R. S. (2017). Environmental Markedness in Portuguese-English Contact.  In M. Yavas, M. Kehoe, & W. Cardoso (Eds.), Romance-Germanic Bilingual Phonology (pp. 157-180). Sheffield, England: Equinox Publishing Ltd.

Carlisle, R. S. (In Press).  The Adaptation of Vampire Motifs from Folklore into Literature and Film.  Journal of Adaptation in Film & Performance.


Online Resources


      ·  Motif Index of Vampires



Awards, Fellowships, and Recognition

Membership in Professional Organizations



Curriculum Development


Professional Positions

  1. Lecturer, 1986-1987
  2. Assistant Professor, 1987-1993.
  3. Associate Professor, 1993--1998.
  4. Professor, since fall, 1998.