Carbon Capture and Storage Public Workshop

September 25, 2009


California State University, Bakersfield

Department of Geology

Links to Presentations and Speaker Biographies

Links to Other Sources of Information

Topic

Speaker

Welcome

Horace Mitchell, President, California State University, Bakersfield

Introductory Remarks

 

 

 

 

 

Climate Change: The Problem with Rising CO2 Concentrations in the Atmosphere

 

Ray Watson, Fourth District Supervisor, County of Kern

Jean Fuller, California State Assemblywoman, 32nd District

Rob Negrini, Professor of Geology, California State University, Bakersfield

Carbon Capture & Sequestration: A Primer

Sally Benson, Director, Global Climate & Energy Project, Stanford University

Carbon Capture & Sequestration: What We Know And What We Don’t Know

Roger Aines, Program Leader, Carbon Fuel Cycle Program, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Carbon Capture & Sequestration Policy Needs

George Peridas, Science Fellow, Climate Programs, Natural Resources Defense Council

Discussion

Richard Chapman, President, Kern Economic Development Corporation

Luncheon Speaker

 

Senator Dean Florez, 16th District, California State Senate, Senate Majority Leader

Geological Formations in the San Joaquin Valley and Potential for Carbon Sequestration

Janice Gillespie, Professor of Geology, California State University, Bakersfield

 

Principles and Practice of Using CO2 for Enhanced Oil Recovery

Bill Roby, President & General Manager, Mid-Continent Business Unit, Occidental Petroleum Corporation

West Coast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership

 

Larry Myer, Technical Director, West Coast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership, California Energy Commission

Carbon Capture & Sequestration: Key Field Studies and Conclusions

Susan Hovorka, Principal Investigator, Bureau of Economic Geology, University of Texas
 

 

Discussion

Les Clark, Executive Vice President, Independent Oil Producers Agency

Moderator:  Dirk Baron, Chair, Department of Geology, CSU Bakersfield

 

 

 

Other Sources of Information

 

IPCC Report on Carbon Capture and Storage

USGS Fact Sheet on Climate Change and Carbon Sequestration

Geoff Thyne, Enhanced Oil Recovery Institute, University of Wyoming, CSUB Seminar 4/22/09

 

 

Speaker Biographies

 

Horace Mitchell, President, California State University, Bakersfield

Dr. Horace Mitchell became the fourth President of California State University, Bakersfield (CSUB) in July 2004, after thirty-six years of experience in higher education.  Prior to this position, Dr. Mitchell was with the University of California, Berkeley, where he served as Vice Chancellor, Business and Administrative Services, and affiliated professor, African American Studies. He also previously served as the Vice Chancellor for Student Affairs and Campus Life, and Associate Professor of Psychiatry and Human Behavior at UC Irvine.   Dr. Mitchell holds a bachelor’s degree in psychology, a master’s in counseling, and a Ph.D. in counseling psychology, all from Washington University in St. Louis.  Dr. Mitchell’s professional memberships include the American Association for Higher Education, the American Council on Education, the American Psychological Association, and the Association of Black Psychologists. He has been recognized widely for his many years of community service by civic, non-profit, governmental, educational, and professional organizations. Dr. Mitchell’s teaching and research interests are in the areas of multicultural psychology and psychological assessment. He maintains his California license for private practice as a psychologist.

 

Ray Watson, Fourth District Supervisor, County of Kern

Elected to the Board of Supervisors in November of 2002 Supervisor Watson was re-elected to his third term in 2008.  Supervisor Watson represents the Fourth District which includes the Westside of Kern County - Bakersfield, Frazier Park, Taft, Lost Hills, Buttonwillow and Wasco.  Ray Watson brings an impressive record of community service, business experience, and education to the Kern County's Fourth District. Having chosen Kern County as his home for over 25 years, Ray has been a contributing member of the community in a variety of different ways. Ray has a long and extensive background in finance and management including serving as a CPA for Ernst and Ernst, working in Finance, Administration and Personnel for Time Life Broad Casting Company and McGraw Hill-Broadcasting Company, and, over the course of 27 years, served as Vice President/General Manager for television stations in Bakersfield and Denver and as President of Ackerley Group television stations.  He was named Broadcaster of the Year in 2002 by the California Broadcasters Association. Community service has also been a hallmark of Supervisor Watson's career.  As a past recipient of the John Brock Community Service Award, he has served in multiple leadership positions in local agencies including serving as President of the Greater Bakersfield Chamber of Commerce, Rotary Club, and Downtown Business Association.  He has also been active on multiple committees such asCSUB President's Advisory Committee, Bakersfield Convention and Visitor Bureau Board, and Kern Medical Center Blue Ribbon Committee.  He graduated from USC with a degree in Accounting and has served in the U.S. Army Finance Corps.  For more information, please visit: http://www.co.kern.caus/bos/dist4/

 

Jean Fuller, California State Assemblywoman, 32nd District

Jean Fuller (R-Bakersfield) was elected to the California State Assembly in November 2006 to represent the 32nd Assembly District, which includes Bakersfield, Ridgecrest, Tehachapi, Taft, Kern River Valley, and the Frazier Mountain communities.  Fuller is a member of Assembly Republican Leader Sam Blakeslee's leadership team and serves as Leader of the Water Policy Team.  Fuller is also a member of the Rural Caucus, a bipartisan group of 43 Assembly Members and Senators who provide a strong, united voice in the state legislature for residents of rural communities, and served as Chair of the caucus during her first term in office.  Assemblywoman Fuller also serves as Vice-Chair of the Water, Parks, and Wildlife Committee and is a member of the State Allocation Board, the Assembly Agriculture Committee, the Assembly Utilities and Commerce Committee, and the Assembly Budget Subcommittee on Education Finance.  Her top legislative priorities are to expand career technical education programs for high school students, to improve California's business climate, and to reduce the tax burden on hard-working families. Fuller was born and raised in Kern County. She attended local schools and completed her Bachelor, Masters, and PhD degrees through the California State University and the University of California systems.  Fuller supplemented her educational training at the Harvard Graduate School of Education, the University of Southern California, and Exeter College in Oxford, England.  For more information, please visit her website at: http://arc.asm.ca.gov/member/32/ 

 

Rob Negrini, Professor of Geology, California State University, Bakersfield

Robert Negrini graduated in 1979 with a B.A. cum laude in Geology from Amherst College and in 1986 received a Ph.D. in Geology from UC Davis. He has worked as a Professor at CSU Bakersfield since the Fall of 1985 and was selected as the CSUB Outstanding Professor in 1997. Despite the teaching focus of the California State University system, Rob Negrini has published 18 papers in well regarded peer-reviewed publications including Geology, Journal of Geophysical Research, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Geophysical Journal International, etc. In addition, he has been an author or coauthor associated with more than 65 presentations at meetings of professional societies. To fund this body of research, Negrini has received grants from highly competitive grant programs including the National Science Foundation, the US Department of Agriculture, the California Department of Water Resources, and the Petroleum Research Fund of the American Chemical Society. Currently he is funded by the NSF and by contracts from Chevron, USA and Occidental Petroleum. Negrini has served as both President and Vice-President of the San Joaquin Geological Society, and worked on organizing committees for national and regional meetings of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists. He was selected as the 2008 Educator of the Year by the Pacific Section of the AAPG.

Sally Benson, Director, Global Climate & Energy Project, Stanford University

Dr. Sally Benson joined Stanford University in 2007 as a Research Professor in the Department of Energy Resources Engineering in the School of Earth Sciences. A ground water hydrologist and reservoir engineer, Benson has conducted research to address a range of issues related to energy and the environment.  Her research interests include geologic storage of CO2 in deep underground formations, technologies and energy systems for a low-carbon future, biogeochemistry of selenium, and geotechnical instrumentation for subsurface characterization and monitoring. She is an internationally recognized expert on geological storage of carbon dioxide in geological formations and was a coordinating lead author for the IPCC Special Report on Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage that was published in 2005.  Dr. Benson is also the Director of the Global Climate and Energy Project (GCEP) at Stanford, where she is responsible for guiding the development of GCEP’s diverse research portfolio.

 

Roger Aines, Program Leader, Carbon Fuel Cycle Program, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Roger holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in Chemistry from Carleton College, and Doctor of Philosophy in Geochemistry from the California Institute of Technology.  He has been at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory since 1984, working on nuclear waste disposal, environmental remediation, application of stochastic methods to inversion and data fusion, management of carbon emissions including separation technology, and monitoring and verification methods for sequestration. Roger is actively evaluating the role that direct capture of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere might play in a future where negative carbon emissions are required to maintain climate stability. He is leading an effort to develop catalysts to increase the rate of carbon dioxide capture from gases, and he is developing technology to utilize brine in sequestration aquifers as a fresh water source. Roger’s career has involved a close coupling of scientific research, engineering, field demonstration, and assessment of future development needs for technology with an emphasis on the transition of scientific projects from benchtop to pilot and field scale. During the 1990s he led the LLNL effort developing thermal remediation technology for DNAPLs, leading to the cleanup and closure of one of the most difficult superfund sites at Visalia, California. Roger led LLNL’s development of stochastic computational inversion and data fusion techniques known as the stochastic engine.  This is currently being applied to monitor oil field injection and CO2 sequestration.  Roger holds eight patents in the area of in situ degradation of organic chemicals through heating, simulation of steam-driven underground processes in heterogeneous media, and the mechanisms of thermally assisted remediation. Roger is a Senior Scientist in the Physical and Life Sciences Directorate at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. He leads LLNL’s Carbon Fuel Cycle Program, which takes an integrated view of the energy, climate, and environmental aspects of carbon-based fuel production and use.  It supports DOE projects in sequestration technology development for capture, and underground coal gasification. It provides key support to major international sequestration projects at InSalah, Weyburn, and the U.S. Partnerships.

 

George Peridas, Science Fellow, Climate Center, Natural Resources Defense Council

George Peridas is a scientist, working at the Natural Resources Defense Council’s Climate Center. He is involved in NRDC's efforts in Carbon Capture & Sequestration technology, policy and regulation, and also plays an active role in the organization's state and federal advocacy efforts. Prior to joining NRDC in October 2006, George worked as a Senior Consultant on energy markets for Pöyry in the UK. His expertise includes power, oil, natural gas and renewables markets, and emissions trading. In that role, he worked extensively for the power and oil/gas industry, the finance community and government. He was part of a team that investigated the economics of CCS for the Department of Trade and Industry of the UK government. George received his M.Eng. and Ph.D. degrees in mechanical engineering from the University of Oxford and his M.Sc. in Environmental Science & Policy from Imperial College, London. He comes from Athens, Greece.

 

Richard Chapman, President, Kern Economic Development Corporation

Richard Chapman was appointed President & CEO of the Kern Economic Development Corporation (KEDC) in November 2006.  Chapman’s previous positions included Executive Director of the Buckeye (Arizona) Valley Development, Inc., and Vice President for the Economic Development Council of Seattle and King County.  He has also held a research position with Prudential Securities.  Chapman holds a Bachelor’s degree in Finance from Georgetown University and a Masters of Business Administration in International Marketing from American University.  Chapman hails from Pinehurst, North Carolina--The Golf Capital of the World.

 

Senator Dean Florez, California State Senator, 16th District

Senator Dean Florez was born and raised in the Central Valley and has proudly represented the region in the State Legislature for nearly a decade.  He was first elected to the State Assembly in 1998, serving two terms before being elected to the State Senate in 2002.  Senator Florez was elevated to the position of Senate Majority Leader in November 2008, the Senate’s second most powerful position.  As Senate Majority Leader, Senator Florez is responsible for setting the Democratic agenda and the Senate’s Floor operations.  Florez has been an outspoken leader in the areas of clean air, equality in education, food safety, animal rights, high-speed rail, government accountability and infrastructure financing and development.  In his decade in the Legislature, Florez has served as chairman of numerous committees with jurisdiction over agriculture; water, parks and wildlife; banking, commerce and international trade; and has spearheaded numerous investigative hearings with a strong focus on government oversight.   Florez is a Harvard-trained municipal finance professional, having received his MBA from Harvard in 1993.  He received a Bachelors of Arts degree in Political Science from UCLA.  The grandson of farm laborers, Florez spent his early years in the Colonia outside of the city of Shafter, in Kern County.  He still lives in his hometown of Shafterwhere his mother, Fran, currently serves as Mayor - with his wife Elsa, their daughter Faith and son Sean.  For more information, please visit his website at: http://dist16.casen.govoffice.com/  

 

Jan Gillespie, Professor of Geology, California State University, Bakersfield

Dr. Jan Gillespie received a M.S. in Geology from South Dakota School of Mines and Technology and a PhD in Geology from the University of Wyoming.  In private practice she has worked as a geologist for the USGS, as a geological engineer for Tenneco Oil's Pacific Coast Division in Bakersfield and as a consulting professional geologist for ARCO, SI International and SERCO-NA.  Dr. Gillespie currently teaches petroleum geology and basic well log interpretation seminars for the Pacific Coast Division of the Petroleum Technology Transfer Council.  She is a registered geologist in California and has been teaching petroleum, ground water and GIS classes at CSU Bakerfield since 1991.

 

Bill Roby, President & General Manager, Mid-Continent Business Unit, Occidental Petroleum Corporation

Bill Roby is currently the President and General Manager for Occidental’s US Mid-Continent Business Unit with operations in the Rocky Mountains, Permian Basin, and Kansas/Oklahoma regions. Within Oxy, he has held positions that include Vice-President of Worldwide Engineering and Technical Services, Vice-President of Business Development, and Vice-President of Eastern Hemisphere Operations Support. Bill graduated from Louisiana State University (LSU) with a BS in Mechanical Engineering in 1981 and has worked in the oil & gas industry since that time. Prior to joining Oxy in 2000, he worked for Shell Oil from 1981-1997 and Altura Energy from 1997-2000. Bill is married with 4 grown children and 2 grandchildren.

 

Larry Myer, Technical Director, West Coast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership, California Energy Commission

Dr. Larry Myer is a Staff Scientist at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Earth Sciences Division, where he has conducted research in geophysics and geomechanics since 1981. He has been leading research activities in geologic sequestration since 1999.  He holds a joint appointment with the California Energy Commission, Public Interest Energy Research Program, where he is Technical Director of the West Coast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership. The Partnership is evaluating carbon dioxide sequestration options and opportunities, for the west coast of North America. He holds a Ph.D. in Geological Engineering from the University of California, Berkeley.

 

Susan Hovorka, Principal Investigator, Bureau of Economic Geology, University of Texas

Dr. Susan D. Hovorka is a Senior Research Scientist at the Gulf Coast Carbon Center, Bureau of Economic Geology, Jackson School of Geosciences, at The University of Texas at Austin.  She has worked on diverse topics related to water quality protection as well as reservoir characterization to enhance oil production. Her current research focuses on assessment of the cost, safety and effectiveness of subsurface geologic sequestration of CO2 as a mechanism for reducing atmospheric greenhouse gas emissions. Dr. Hovorka is the principal investigator of the Gulf Coast Carbon Center, a 10-industry/academic partnership working on economically viable approaches to geologic sequestration of carbon. She is the project lead for the “Stacked Storage” test of the Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (SECARB) underway at Denbury’s Cranfield EOR project. She is also leading a research team in the final stages of completion of the two-phase Frio Pilot, the first U.S. field test of storage of CO2 in brine-filled sandstones, also funded by DOE-NETL.

 

Les Clark, Executive Vice President, Independent Oil Producers Association

Les Clark served as Vice President of Independent Oil Producers' Agency from 1980 to 1999 at which time he assumed the position of Executive V.P.  IOPA is a membership organization comprised of independent oil companies operating mainly in the San Joaquin Valley.  Les is responsible for reviewing and analyzing all regulatory issues and advising his members of such.  He is the principal contact with all Federal, State, and San Joaquin Valley officials and staffs.  Les has been a resident of Taft most of his life, attending schools in that area until completing his education at Fresno State University where he received a B.A. in Education.  His basic knowledge of the oil industry was obtained from part time employment with Atlantic Richfield and Petrotherm while attending school.  Subsequently, Belridge Oil Company and Shell Oil Company employed him prior to assuming IOPA'sSan Joaquin Valley operations.  He has remained actively involved and held leadership positions in multiple local organizations as well as several county, state and federal agency work groups, task forces, and committees over the course of his career. 

 

Dirk Baron, Chair Department of Geology, California State University, Bakersfield

Dr. Dirk Baron is a Professor of Geology and the Chair of the Department of Geology at California State University, Bakersfield.  His research focuses on the thermodynamic properties of minerals of environmental relevance such as sulfates and chromates.  He is also working on groundwater issues in the San Joaquin Valley.  Dr. Baron has over 20 years of experience in environmental geochemistry and hydrogeology in academia and private industry and is a registered professional geologist in the state of California.  He also has a long-standing interest and engagement in science education and K-12 outreach and is currently the principal investigator for a National Science Foundation Math and Science Partnership project between CSU Bakersfield and the Kern High School District.