SSRIC Teaching Resources Depository
California Opinions on Women's Issues -- 1985-1995
Elizabeth N. Nelson and Edward E. Nelson, California State University, Fresno

Appendix A:
The Codebook

© The Authors, 1998; Last Modified 15 August 1998
The data for this survey were gathered by the Field Research Corporation in 1985, 1991, and 1995 and made available through the Field Institute, a research center studying public opinion on a wide variety of social and political issues. The Institute is a not-for-profit organization, and all its research data are ultimately delegated to a public access archive. The Field Institute receives financial support from the private organizations and state agencies that subscribe to the Institute's California Policy Survey Program, academic institutions that are members of an academic consortium, and media subscribers to The Field Poll.

The data were gathered by telephone interviews with California residents age 18 and over using multi-stage cluster sampling. This probability sampling technique uses random-digit dialing. Phone numbers are dialed randomly within working exchanges (the first three digits of phone numbers). Numbers are selected so that all geographic areas have the appropriate proportional chance of being included. With random-digit dialing, numbers not listed in telephone directories and households that recently moved to an area are included in the sample.

LIST OF VARIABLE NAMES AND EXTENDED LABELS:

Name -- Variable Description

V1 -- Advantage being a man or a woman
V2 -- Efforts to strengthen women's status

V3 -- Who does most of housework

V4 -- Who should clean if both work full time

V5 -- Prefer traditional or shared marriage

V6 -- How concerned about women's issues

V7 -- Increase state tax to pay for child care

V8 -- It is still a man's world

V9 -- Women be better than men to get ahead

V10 -- Women are paid less for comparable work

V11 -- Female jobs should pay same as male jobs

V12 -- State spend more on child care

V13 -- Need more child care for working parents

V14 -- Financial decisions made by woman or man

V15 -- Wife should help husband's career first

V16 -- Restrictions on abortions

V17 -- Testing RU 486 in U.S.

DISCRIM -- Discrimination and the need for affirmative action

V18 -- Employed full or part time outside home

V19 -- Marital status

V20 -- Is spouse/partner employed outside the home

V21 -- Respondent's age (unrecoded)

V22 -- Respondent's age in ten year intervals

V23 -- Respondent's age in three categories

V24 -- Respondent's education

V25 -- Respondent's education in three categories

V26 -- Consider self conservative or liberal

V27 -- Think self Republican, Democrat, or Independent

V29 -- Party registered with

V30 -- Religious preference

V31 -- Respondent's income

V33 -- Respondent's racial/ethnic background

V34 -- Respondent's sex

YEAR -- Year of survey

OPINION VARIABLES

This codebook lists the variables in the three data sets. The first line is the variable name (for example, V1) with an extended label describing the variable. Next is the exact question that the respondents were asked. The years that included each question are indicated in brackets. The first column below shows the code for each of the possible responses and the second column lists the responses.

V1 -- ADVANTAGE BEING A MAN OR A WOMAN
All things considered, in our society today, do you think there are more advantages being a man, more advantages being a woman, or that there are no more advantages being one or the other?

[1985 91 95]

1 -- A man

2 -- No advantage

3 -- A woman

V2 -- EFFORTS TO STRENGTHEN WOMEN'S STATUS
In general, do you favor or oppose efforts to strengthen and change women's status in society today? Do you favor/oppose strongly or somewhat?

[1985 91 95]

1 -- Favor strongly

2 -- Favor somewhat

3 -- Oppose somewhat

4 -- Oppose strongly

V3 -- WHO DOES MOST OF THE HOUSEWORK
Who does most of the housework in your own home--you, your spouse or partner, someone else or is it divided evenly?

[1985 91 95]

1 -- Respondent does most

2 -- Spouse does most

3 -- Someone else

4 -- Divided equally

V4 -- WHO SHOULD CLEAN IF BOTH WORK FULL TIME
As a general rule, when both partners in the household work full time outside the home, who should be responsible for cleaning the house--the woman, the man, or both equally?

[1985 91 95]

1 -- The woman

2 -- The man

3 -- Both equally

V5 -- PREFER TRADITIONAL OR SHARED MARRIAGE
What kind of marriage do you think is the more satisfying way of life: One where the husband provides for the family and the wife takes care of the house and children or one where both the husband and wife have jobs and both take care of the house and children?

[1991 95]

1 -- Husband Provide = Traditional

2 -- Both Jobs and Care = Shared

V6 -- HOW CONCERNED ABOUT WOMEN'S ISSUES
How concerned are you personally about women's issues? Are you very concerned, somewhat concerned, not very concerned or not concerned at all?

[1991 95]

1 -- Very concerned

2 -- Somewhat concerned

3 -- Not very concerned

4 -- Not concerned at all

V7 -- INCREASE STATE TAX TO PAY FOR CHILD CARE
How willing would you be to pay more in state taxes to fund or subsidize more child care facilities -- very willing, somewhat willing, somewhat unwilling, or not willing at all? [1991]

1 -- Very willing

2 -- Somewhat willing

3 -- Somewhat unwilling

4 -- Not willing at all

V8 -- IT IS STILL A MAN'S WORLD
Despite recent gains by women, when all is said and done, it is still essentially a man's world: do you agree strongly, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat or disagree strongly? [1985 91 95]

1 -- Agree strongly

2 -- Agree somewhat

3 -- Disagree somewhat

4 -- Disagree strongly

V9 -- WOMEN BE BETTER THAN MEN TO GET AHEAD
To get ahead in the world today a woman generally needs to be much better at what she does than a man.

[1985 91 95]

1 -- Agree strongly

2 -- Agree somewhat

3 -- Disagree somewhat

4 -- Disagree strongly

V10 -- WOMEN ARE PAID LESS FOR COMPARABLE WORK
Generally speaking, women are now getting less pay than men for doing comparable jobs with similar skills, training and responsibility.

[1985 91 95]

1 -- Agree strongly

2 -- Agree somewhat

3 -- Disagree somewhat

4 -- Disagree strongly

V11 -- FEMALE JOBS SHOULD PAY SAME AS MALE JOBS
Predominantly female jobs should be paid at the same rate as predominantly male jobs if they require the same levels of training, skill and responsibility.

[1985 91 95]

1 -- Agree strongly

2 -- Agree somewhat

3 -- Disagree somewhat

4 -- Disagree strongly

V12 -- STATE SPEND MORE ON CHILD CARE
The state should be spending more tax dollars to ensure that adequate child care facilities are available to working parents.

[1985 91 95]

1 -- Agree strongly

2 -- Agree somewhat

3 -- Disagree somewhat

4 -- Disagree strongly

V13 -- NEED MORE CHILD CARE FOR WORKING PARENTS
More child care facilities are needed in the state to meet the needs of working parents.

[1985 91 95]

1 -- Agree strongly

2 -- Agree somewhat

3 -- Disagree somewhat

4 -- Disagree strongly

V14 -- FINANCIAL DECISIONS MADE BY WOMAN OR MAN
The family's financial decisions can be made just as well by either a woman or a man.

[1985 91 95]

1 -- Agree strongly

2 -- Agree somewhat

3 -- Disagree somewhat

4 -- Disagree strongly

V15 -- WIFE SHOULD HELP HUSBAND'S CAREER FIRST
It's more important for a wife to help her husband's career than to have a career. [1985 91]

1 -- Agree strongly

2 -- Agree somewhat

3 -- Disagree somewhat

4 -- Disagree strongly

V16 -- RESTRICTIONS ON ABORTION
In respect to the issue of abortion, do you favor state laws that would make it more difficult for a woman to get an abortion or should no change be made to existing state abortion laws?

[1991]

1 -- More difficult

2 -- Easier

3 -- No change

V16A -- ABORTION DURING FIRST THREE MONTHS
Do you approve of disapprove of allowing abortion during the first three months of pregnancy?

[1995]

1 -- Approve

2 -- Disapprove

V16B -- ABORTION DURING 4-5 MONTHS
Would you approve or disapprove of allowing abortion if the mother was between the fourth and sixth month of her pregnancy?

[1995]

1 -- Approve

2 -- Disapprove

V16C -- ABORTION AFTER SIX MONTHS
Would you approve or disapprove of allowing abortion if the mother was more than six months into her pregnancy?

[1995]

1 -- Approve

2 -- Disapprove

V16D -- MEDICAL PAY FOR ABORTION
Currently, the state of California under MediCal pays the costs for an abortion by a woman who can't afford to pay for it herself. Do you think the state should continue to pay for such abortions or not?

[1995]

1 -- State should pay

2 -- Should not pay

V17 -- TESTING RU 486 IN U.S.
A new abortion pill called RU 486 is currently in widespread use in France. This pill allows women to end an unwanted pregnancy without having to undergo surgery. Some people would like to begin testing this pill here in the U.S. Do you favor or oppose allowing the abortion pill RU 486 to be tested in the U.S.?

[1991]

1 -- Favor

2 -- Oppose

DISCRIM -- Opinions on Discrimination and Need for Affirmative Action
Which of these four statements comes closest to your own views?

[1995]

1 -- Discrimination is still common and affirmative action policies should not be changed.

2 -- Discrimination is still common, but affirmative action policies should be relaxed somewhat

3 -- Discrimination is still common, but affirmative action policies are fundamentally flawed and should be eliminated

4 -- Discrimination has been largely eliminated and affirmative action policies are no longer needed

BACKGROUND VARIABLES

V18 -- EMPLOYED FULL OR PART TIME OUTSIDE HOME
Are you employed either full time or part time outside the home?

[1985 91 95]

1 -- Employed full time

2 -- Employed part time

3 -- Temporarily unemployed

4 -- Not employed

V19 -- MARITAL STATUS
Which of the following best describes your present marital status: married, separated or divorced, widowed, never married?

[1985 91 95]

1 -- Married

2 -- Separated/divorced

3 -- Widowed

4 -- Never married

V20 -- IS SPOUSE/PARTNER EMPLOYED OUTSIDE THE HOME
[1991 95]

1 -- Employed full time

2 -- Employed part time

3 -- Temporarily unemployed

4 -- Not employed

V21 -- RESPONDENT'S AGE (UNRECODED)
[1985, 91,95]

What is your age? [Coded in Years]

V22 -- RESPONDENT'S AGE RECODED IN TEN YEAR INTERVALS
[1985, 91, 95]

1 -- Under 30

2 -- 30 to 39

3 -- 40 to 49

4 -- 50 to 59

5 -- 60 to 69

6 -- 70 and over

V23 -- RESPONDENT'S AGE RECODED IN THREE CATEGORIES
[1985 91 95]

1 -- Under 30

2 -- 30 to 49

3 -- 50 and over

V24 -- RESPONDENT'S EDUCATION
What is the highest grade or year of school that you have finished and gotten credit for?

[1985 91 95]

1 -- 8th grade or less

2 -- Some high school

3 -- Graduated HS

4 -- Trade school

5 -- 1-2 years college

6 -- 3-4 years college

7 -- Bachelor's degree

8 -- 5-6 years college

9 -- Master's degree

10 -- Post Master's

V25 -- RESPONDENT'S EDUCATION IN THREE CATEGORIES
[1985 91 95]

1 -- High school or less

2 -- Some college

3 -- College degree

V26 -- CONSIDER SELF CONSERVATIVE OR LIBERAL
Generally speaking, in politics do you consider yourself as conservative, liberal, middle-of-the-road or don't you think of yourself in these terms?

[1985 91 95]

1 -- Conservative

2 -- Liberal

3 -- Middle-of-road

4 -- Not these terms

V27 -- THINK SELF REPUB, DEM, OR INDEP
Generally speaking, do you usually think of yourself as a Republican, a Democrat, an Independent or what?

[1985 91 95]

1 -- Republican

2 -- Democrat

3 -- Independent

4 -- No preference

5 -- Other

V29 -- PARTY REGISTERED WITH
[1985 91 95]

1 -- Republican

2 -- Democrat

3 -- Peace & Freedom

4 -- American Independent

5 -- Libertarian

6 -- Decline to state

V30 -- RELIGIOUS PREFERENCE
What, if any, is your religious preference -- Protestant, Roman Catholic, Jewish, or some other faith?

[1985 91 95]

1 -- Protestant

2 -- Roman Catholic

3 -- Jewish

4 -- Other

5 -- No preference, no religion

V31 -- ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME
[1991] [1985 stopped at $50,000]

1 -- Under $10,000

2 -- $10-$19,999

3 -- $20-$29,999

4 -- $30-$39,999

5 -- $40-$49,999

6 -- $50-$59,999

7 -- $60-$69,999

8 -- $70-$79,999

9 -- $80-$99,999

10 -- $100,000 or more

[1995]
1 -- Under $20,000

2 -- $20-$39,999

3 -- $40-$59,999

4 -- $60-$79,999

5 -- $80,000 or more

V33 -- RESPONDENT'S RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND
[1985 91 95]

1 -- White, Non-Hispanic

2 -- Black, Non-Hispanic

3 -- Asian, Non-Hispanic

4 -- Other, Non-Hispanic

5 -- Hispanic of any race

V34 -- RESPONDENT'S SEX
[1985 91 95]

1 -- Male

2 -- Female

YEAR -- YEAR OF SURVEY
1 -- 1985

2 -- 1991

3 -- 1995

 


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