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California Opinions on Women's Issues -- 1985-1995
Elizabeth N. Nelson and Edward E. Nelson, California State University, Fresno

Chapter 7
Exercises for Change Over Time

© The Authors, 1998; Last Modified 15 August 1998

In the previous chapter we discussed the analysis of change over time. The data for this module include information from three samples of adults living in California. The earlier sample was collected in 1985, while the later samples were collected in 1991 and 1995. In this chapter you will use crosstabulation (described in Chapter Three) to analyze trends over time. The exercises compare these cross-sectional surveys at three points in time. This is called a trend study.

 

EXERCISE ONE

One of the questions asks respondents if they agree or disagree that "despite recent gains by women, when all is said and done, it is still essentially a man's world." We want to find out if there has been change in public opinion from 1985 to 1991 and 1995 and which types of individuals were more (or less) likely to change.


EXERCISE TWO

Another question asks respondents if they agree or disagree that "it's more important for a wife to help her husband's career than to have a career." We want to find out if public opinion has changed from 1985 to 1991 and 1995 and which individuals were more (or less) likely to change.


EXERCISE THREE

Select one of the other opinion variables that was included in all of the surveys. Analyze the changes in opinion for this variable. Look at both the overall changes for the entire sample and the changes for subgroups (e.g., men and women, younger and older). Use chi square in your analysis. Write a brief report explaining what you did and describing the results. Include your tables in the report.


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