SSRIC LogoG96A Codebook

Codebook for the 1996 General Social Survey Data Set

Edward E. Nelson and Elizabeth N. Nelson
California State University, Fresno

© The Authors, 1998; Last Modified 17 August 1998

This codebook accompanies g96asp.por, which is a subset of the 1996 General Social Survey. Some of the variables in the GSS have been recoded to make them easier to use and some new variables have been created.

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

List of variables
Variable Name Variable Label
ABANY ABORTION--FOR ANY REASON
ABDEFECT ABORTION--STRONG CHANCE OF SERIOUS DEFECT
ABHLTH ABORTION--WOMAN'S HEALTH ENDANGERED
ABNOMORE ABORTION--MARRIED, NO MORE CHILDREN
ABPOOR ABORTION--LOW INCOME, CANT AFFORD MORE
ABRAPE ABORTION--PREGNANT AS RESULT OF RAPE
ABSINGLE ABORTION--NOT MARRIED
ADULTS HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS 18 YRS AND OLDER
AGE AGE OF RESPONDENT
AGED SHOULD AGED LIVE WITH THEIR CHILDREN
AGEKDBRN R'S AGE WHEN 1ST CHILD BORN
ATTEND HOW OFTEN R ATTENDS RELIGIOUS SERVICES
BIBLE FEELINGS ABOUT THE BIBLE
CAPPUN FAVOR OR OPPOSE DEATH PENALTY FOR MURDER
CHILDS NUMBER OF CHILDREN
CLASS SUBJECTIVE CLASS IDENTIFICATION
COLATH ALLOW ANTI-RELIGIONIST TO TEACH
COLCOM SHOULD COMMUNIST TEACHER BE FIRED
COLHOMO ALLOW HOMOSEXUAL TO TEACH
COLMIL ALLOW MILITARIST TO TEACH
COLRAC ALLOW RACIST TO TEACH
DEGREE R'S HIGHEST DEGREE
EDUC HIGHEST YEAR OF SCHOOL COMPLETED
FAIR PEOPLE FAIR OR TRY TO TAKE ADVANTAGE
FEAR AFRAID TO WALK AT NIGHT IN NEIGHBORHOOD
GRASS SHOULD MARIJUANA BE MADE LEGAL
GUNLAW FAVOR OR OPPOSE GUN PERMITS
HAPMAR HAPPINESS OF MARRIAGE
HAPPY GENERAL HAPPINESS
INCOME91 TOTAL FAMILY INCOME
LIBATH ALLOW ANTI-RELIGIOUS BOOK IN LIBRARY
LIBCOM ALLOW COMMUNIST'S BOOK IN LIBRARY
LIBHOMO ALLOW HOMOSEXUAL'S BOOK IN LIBRARY
LIBMIL ALLOW MILITARIST'S BOOK IN LIBRARY
LIBRAC ALLOW RACIST'S BOOK IN LIBRARY
MADEG MOTHER'S HIGHEST DEGREE
MAEDUC HIGHEST YEAR SCHOOL COMPLETED, MOTHER
MARITAL MARITAL STATUS
PADEG FATHER'S HIGHEST DEGREE
PAEDUC HIGHEST YEAR SCHOOL COMPLETED, FATHER
POSTLIFE BELIEF IN LIFE AFTER DEATH
PRAY HOW OFTEN DOES R PRAY
PRAYER BIBLE PRAYER IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS
PRES92 VOTE FOR CLINTON, BUSH, PEROT
PRESTG80 R'S OCCUPATIONAL PRESTIGE SCORE (1980)
RACE RACE OF RESPONDENT
RELIG RS RELIGIOUS PREFERENCE
RELITEN STRENGTH OF AFFILIATION
SEI RESPONDENT'S SOCIOECONOMIC INDEX
SEX RESPONDENT'S SEX
SIBS NUMBER OF BROTHERS AND SISTERS
SPDEG SPOUSE'S HIGHEST DEGREE
SPEDUC HIGHEST YEAR SCHOOL COMPLETED, SPOUSE
SPKATH ALLOW ANTI-RELIGIONIST TO SPEAK
SPKCOM ALLOW COMMUNIST TO SPEAK
SPKHOMO ALLOW HOMOSEXUAL TO SPEAK
SPKMIL ALLOW MILITARIST TO SPEAK
SPKRAC ALLOW RACIST TO SPEAK
THNKSELF TO THINK FOR ONE'S SELF
TRUST CAN PEOPLE BE TRUSTED
TVHOURS HOURS PER DAY WATCHING TV
ZODIAC RESPONDENT'S ASTROLOGICAL SIGN

ABANY Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if the woman wants it for any reason?
1 Yes
2 No
0 Not applicable
8 DK
9 NA

ABDEFECT Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if there is a strong chance of serious defect in the baby?
1 Yes
2 No
0 Not applicable
8 DK
9 NA

ABHLTH Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if the woman's own health is seriously endangered by the pregnancy?
1 Yes
2 No
0 Not applicable
8 DK
9 NA

ABNOMORE Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if she is married and does not want any more children?
1 Yes
2 No
0 Not applicable
8 DK
9 NA

ABPOOR Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if the family has a very low income and cannot afford any more children?
1 Yes
2 No
0 Not applicable
8 DK
9 NA

ABRAPE Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if she became pregnant as a result of rape?
1 Yes
2 No
0 Not applicable
8 DK
9 NA

ABSINGLE Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion she is not married and does not want to marry the man?
1 Yes
2 No
0 Not applicable
8 DK
9 NA

ADULTS Household Size and Composition

Number of members over 17 years old

AGE Age of Respondent in years
99 NA

AGED As you know, many older people share a home with their grown children. Do you think this is generally a good idea or a bad idea?
1 A good idea
2 Depends
3 A bad idea
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

AGEKDBRN How old were you when your first child was born?
0 NAP
98 DK
99 NA

ATTEND How often do you attend religious services?
0 Never
1 Less than once a year
2 Once a year
3 Several times a year
4 Once a month
5 Two to three times a month
6 Nearly every week
7 Every week
8 More than once a week
9 DK, NA

BIBLE Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible?
1 The Bible is the actual word of God and is to be taken literally, word for word
2 The Bible is the inspired word of God but not everything in it should be taken literally, word for word
3 The Bible is an ancient book of fables, legends, history, and moral precepts recorded by men
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

CAPPUN Do you favor or oppose the death penalty for persons convicted of murder?
1 Favor
2 Oppose
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

CHILDS How many children have you ever had? (Includes all that were born alive at any time and those from a previous marriage)
8 EIGHT OR MORE
9 NA

CLASS If you were asked to use one of four names for your social class, which would you say you belong in: the lower class, the working class, the middle class, or the upper class?
1 LOWER CLASS
2 WORKING CLASS
3 MIDDLE CLASS
4 UPPER CLASS
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

COLATH There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against all churches and religion. Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not?
1 ALLOW
2 NOT ALLOW
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

COLCOM Now, I should like to ask you some questions about a man who admits he is a Communist. Suppose he is teaching in a college. Should he be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not?
1 ALLOW
2 NOT ALLOW
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NK

COLHOMO And what about a man who admits that he is a homosexual? Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not?
1 ALLOW
2 NOT ALLOW
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

COLMIL Consider a person who advocates doing away with elections and letting the military run the country. Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not?
1 ALLOW
2 NOT ALLOW
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

COLRAC Or consider a person who believes that Blacks are genetically inferior. Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not?
1 ALLOW
2 NOT ALLOW
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

DEGREE Respondent's highest degree
0 LT HIGH SCHOOL
1 HIGH SCHOOL
2 JUNIOR COLLEGE
3 BACHELOR
4 GRADUATE
7 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

EDUCWhat is the highest grade in elementary school or high school that you finished and got credit for?
97 NAP
98 DK
99 NA

FAIR Do you think most people would try to take advantage of you if they got a chance, or would they try to be fair?
1 TAKE ADVANTAGE
2 DEPENDS
3 FAIR
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

FEAR Is there any area right around here--that is, within a mile--where you would be afraid to walk alone at night?
1 YES
2 NO
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

GRASS Do you think the use of marijuana should be made legal or not?
1 LEGAL
2 NOT LEGAL
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

GUNLAW Would you favor or oppose a law which would require a person to obtain a police permit before he or she could buy a gun?
1 FAVOR
2 OPPOSE
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

HAPMAR Taking things all together, how would you describe your marriage? Would you say that your marriage is very happy, pretty happy, or not too happy?
1 VERY HAPPY
2 PRETTY HAPPY
3 NOT TOO HAPPY
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

HAPPY Taken all together, how would you say things are these days would you say that you are very happy, pretty happy, or not too happy?
1 VERY HAPPY
2 PRETTY HAPPY
3 NOT TOO HAPPY
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

INCOME91 In which of these groups did your total family income, from all sources, fall last year before tax?
1 LT $1000
2 $1000-2999
3 $3000-3999
4 $4000-4999
5 $5000-5999
6 $6000-6999
7 $7000-7999
8 $8000-9999
9 $10000-12499
10 $12500-14999
11 $15000-17499
12 $17500-19999
13 $20000-22499
14 $22500-24999
15 $25000-29999
16 $30000-34999
17 $35000-39999
18 $40000-49999
19 $50000-59999
20 $60000-74999
21 $75000+
22 REFUSED
98 DK
99 NA

LIBATH There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against all churches and religion. If some people in your community suggested that a book he wrote against churches and religion should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book, or not?
1 NOT REMOVE
2 REMOVE
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

LIBCOM Now, I should like to ask you some questions about a man who admits he is a Communist. Suppose he wrote a book which is in your public library. Somebody in your community suggests that the book should be removed from the library. Would you favor removing it, or not?
1 NOT REMOVE
2 REMOVE
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

LIBHOMO And what about a man who admits that he is a homosexual? If some people in your community suggested that a book he wrote in favor of homosexuality should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book, or not?
1 NOT REMOVE
2 REMOVE
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

LIBMIL Consider a person who advocates doing away with elections and letting the military run the country. Suppose he wrote a book advocating doing away with elections and letting the military run the country. Somebody in your community suggests that the book be removed from the public library. Would you favor removing it, or not?
1 NOT REMOVE
2 REMOVE
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

LIBRAC Or consider a person who believes that Blacks are genetically inferior. If some people in your community suggested that a book he wrote which said Blacks are inferior should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book, or not?
1 NOT REMOVE
2 REMOVE
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

MADEG Mother's highest degree
0 LT HIGH SCHOOL
1 HIGH SCHOOL
2 JUNIOR COLLEGE
3 BACHELOR
4 GRADUATE
7 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

MAEDUC What is the highest grade in elementary school or high school that your mother finished and got credit for?
97 NAP
98 DK
99 NA

MARITAL Are you currently--married, widowed, divorced, separated, or have you never been married?
1 MARRIED
2 WIDOWED
3 DIVORCED
4 SEPARATED
5 NEVER MARRIED

PADEG Father's highest degree.
0 LT HIGH SCHOOL
1 HIGH SCHOOL
2 JUNIOR COLLEGE
3 BACHELOR
4 GRADUATE
7 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

PAEDUC What is the highest grade in elementary school or high school that your father finished and got credit for?
97 NAP
98 DK
99 NA

POSTLIFE Do you believe there is a life after death?
1 YES
2 NO
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

PRAY About how often do you pray?
1 SEVERAL TIMES A DAY
2 ONCE A DAY
3 SEVERAL TIMES A WEEK
4 ONCE A WEEK
5 LT ONCE A WEEK
6 NEVER
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

PRAYER The United States Supreme Court has ruled that no state or local government may require the reading of the Lord's Prayer or Bible verses in public schools. What are your views on this--do you approve or disapprove of the court ruling?
1 APPROVE
2 DISAPPROVE
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

PRES92 Did you vote for Clinton, Bush, or Perot in 1992?
1 CLINTON
2 BUSH
3 PEROT
4 OTHER
0 NAP
6 NO PRES. VOTE
9 DK,NA

PRESTG80 Prestige of respondent's occupation. Measure of respondent's occupational prestige which is a replication and extension of the Hodge-Siegel-Rossi ratings of occupational prestige. Low scores indicate low prestige and high scores indicate high prestige. See the appendices in the Cumulative Codebook for the General Social Surveys for more information.
0 DK, NA, NAP

RACE Respondent's race
1 WHITE
2 BLACK
3 OTHER

RELIG What is your religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or no religion?
1 PROTESTANT
2 CATHOLIC
3 JEWISH
4 NONE
5 OTHER
8 DK
9 NA

RELITEN Strength of religious preference. Would you call yourself a strong ______ or a not very strong ______?
1 STRONG
2 NOT VERY STRONG
3 SOMEWHAT STRONG
4 NO RELIGION
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

SEI Respondent's socioeconomic index. Measure of occupational prestige which is based on the work of Otis Dudley Duncan. Low scores indicate low prestige and high scores indicate high prestige. See the appendices in the Cumulative Codebook for the General Social Surveys for more information.
0 NAP

SEX Respondent's sex
1 MALE
2 FEMALE

SIBS How many brothers and sisters did you have? Please count those born alive, but no longer living, as well as those alive now. Also include stepbrothers and stepsisters, and children adopted by your parents.
98 DK
99 NA

SPDEG Spouse's highest degree
0 LT HIGH SCHOOL
1 HIGH SCHOOL
2 JUNIOR COLLEGE
3 BACHELOR
4 GRADUATE
7 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

SPEDUC What is the highest grade in elementary school or high school that your (husband/wife) finished and got credit for?
97 NAP
98 DK
99 NA

SPKATH There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against all churches and religion. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your (city/town/community) against churches and religion, should he be allowed to speak, or not?
1 ALLOWED
2 NOT ALLOWED
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

SPKCOM Now, I should like to ask you some questions about a man who admits he is a Communist. Suppose this admitted Communist wanted to make a speech in your community. Should he be allowed to speak, or not?
1 ALLOWED
2 NOT ALLOWED
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

SPKHOMO And what about a man who admits that he is a homosexual? Suppose this admitted homosexual wanted to make a speech in your community. Should he be allowed to speak, or not?
1 ALLOWED
2 NOT ALLOWED
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

SPKMIL Consider a person who advocates doing away with elections and letting the military run the country. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your community, should he be allowed to speak, or not?
1 ALLOWED
2 NOT ALLOWED
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

SPKRAC Or consider a person who believes that Blacks are genetically inferior. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your community claiming that Blacks are inferior, should he be allowed to speak, or not?
1 ALLOWED
2 NOT ALLOWED
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

THNKSELF If you had to choose, which thing on this list would you pick as the most important for a child to learn to prepare him or her for life? To think for himself or herself.
1 MOST IMPORTANT
2 2ND IMPORTANT
3 3rd IMPORTANT
4 4th IMPORTANT
5 LEAST IMPORTANT
0 NAP
9 NA

TRUST Generally speaking, would you say that most people can be trusted or that you can't be too careful in dealing with people?
1 CAN TRUST
2 CANNOT TRUST
3 DEPENDS
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

TVHOURS On the average day, about how many hours do you personally watch television?
-1 NAP
98 DK
99 NA

ZODIAC Respondent's astrological sign
1 ARIES
2 TAURUS
3 GEMINI
4 CANCER
5 LEO
6 VIRGO
7 LIBRA
8 SCORPIO
9 SAGITTARIUS
10 CAPRICORN
11 AQUARIUS
12 PISCES
99 NA


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