SSRIC LogoTOLER Codebook

Codebook for the RELG9800.por Dataset
(Subset of the General Social Survey)

Ed and Elizabeth Nelson, 
California State University, Fresno

© The Author, 1998; Last Modified 05 September 2001

This codebook accompanies RELG9800.POR, which is a combination of the 1998 and 2000 General Social Surveys. Some of the variables in the GSS have been recoded to make them easier to use and some new variables have been created.

List of Variables
 
Variable Name
Variable Label
ABANY
ABDEFECT
ABHLTH
ABNOMORE
ABPOOR
ABRAPE
ABSINGLE
ADULTS
AGE
AGED
ATTEND
BIBLE
CAPPUN
CHILDS
CHLDIDEL
CLASS
COLATH
COLCOM
COLHOMO
COLMIL
COLRAC
CONCLERG
DEGREE
DENOM
DIVLAW
DIVORCE
EDUC
EQWLTH
EVPAIDSX
EVSTRAY
FAIR
FECHLD
FEFAM
FEPOL
FEPRESCH
FUND
FUND16
GRASS
GUNLAW
HAPMAR
HAPPY
HOMOSEX
ID
INCOME98
LETDIE1
LIBATH
LIBCOM
LIBHOMO
LIBMIL
LIBRAC
MADEG
MAEDUC
MARITAL
NUMMEN
NUMWOMEN
OWNGUN
PADEG
PAEDUC 
PARTNERS
PARTYID
POLVIEWS
PORNLAW
POSTLIFE
PRAY
PRAYER
PREMARSX
PRES96
PRESTG80
RACE
REG16
REGION
RELIG
RELIG16
RELIGOS
RELITEN
RES16
RINCOM98
SEI
SEX
SEXEDUC
SEXFREQ
SPANKING
SPKATH
SPKCOM
SPKHOMO
SPKMIL
SPKRAC
SUICIDE1
SUICIDE2
SUICIDE3
SUICIDE4
TEENSEX
TOLATH
TOLCOM
TOLHOMO
TOLMIL
TOLRAC
TRUST
VOTE96
XMARSEX
XMOVIE
YEAR
ABORTION-FOR ANY REASON
ABORTION-STRONG CHANCE OF SERIOUS DEFECT
ABORTION-WOMANS HEALTH ENDANGERED
ABORTION-MARRIED, NO MORE CHILDREN
ABORTION-LOW INCOME, CANT AFFORD MORE
ABORTION-PREGNANT AS RESULT OF RAPE
ABORTION-NOT MARRIED
HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS 18 YRS AND OLDER
AGE OF RESPONDENT
SHOULD AGED LIVE WITH THEIR CHILDREN
 HOW OFTEN R ATTENDS RELIGIOUS SERVICES
 FEELINGS ABOUT THE BIBLE
 FAVOR OR OPPOSE DEATH PENALTY FOR MURDER
TOTAL NUMBER OF CHILDREN EVER HAD
IDEAL NUMBER OF CHILDREN
SUBJECTIVE CLASS IDENTIFICATION
ALLOW ANTI-RELIGIONIST TO TEACH
ALLOW COMMUNIST TO TEACH
ALLOW HOMOSEXUAL TO TEACH
ALLOW MILITARIST TO TEACH
ALLOW RACIST TO TEACH
CONFIDENCE IN ORGANIZED RELIGION
RS HIGHEST DEGREE
SELECTED DENOMINATIONS
DIVORCE LAWS
EVER BEEN DIVORCED OR SEPARATED
HIGHEST YEAR OF SCHOOL COMPLETED
SHOULD GOVT REDUCE INCOME DIFFERENCES
EVER HAVE SEX PAID FOR OR BEING PAID
HAVE SEX OTHER THAN SPOUSE WHILE MARRIED
PEOPLE FAIR OR TRY TO TAKE ADVANTAGE
MOTHER WORKING DOESNT HURT CHILDREN
BETTER FOR MAN TO WORK, WOMAN TEND HOME
WOMEN NOT SUITED FOR POLITICS
PRESCHOOL KIDS SUFFER IF MOTHER WORKS
HOW FUNDAMENTALIST IS R CURRENTLY
HOW FUNDAMENTALIST WAS R AT AGE 16
SHOULD MARIJUANA BE MADE LEGAL
FAVOR OR OPPOSE GUN PERMITS
HAPPINESS OF MARRIAGE
GENERAL HAPPINESS
HOMOSEXUAL SEX RELATIONS
RESPONDENT’S IDENTIFICATION NUMBER
TOTAL FAMILY INCOME
ALLOW INCURABLE PATIENTS TO DIE
ALLOW ANTI-RELIGIOUS BOOK IN LIBRARY
ALLOW COMMUNISTS BOOK IN LIBRARY
ALLOW HOMOSEXUALS BOOK IN LIBRARY
ALLOW MILITARISTS BOOK IN LIBRARY
ALLOW RACISTS BOOK IN LIBRARY
MOTHERS HIGHEST DEGREE
HIGHEST YEAR SCHOOL COMPLETED, MOTHER
MARITAL STATUS
NUMBER OF MALE SEX PARTNERS SINCE 18
NUMBER OF FEMALE SEX PARTNERS SINCE 18
HAVE GUN IN HOME
FATHERS HIGHEST DEGREE
HIGHEST YEAR SCHOOL COMPLETED, FATHER
HOW MANY SEX PARTNERS R HAD IN LAST YEAR
POLITICAL PARTY AFFILIATION
THINK OF SELF AS LIBERAL OR CONSERVATIVE
FEELINGS ABOUT PORNOGRAPHY LAWS
BELIEF IN LIFE AFTER DEATH
HOW OFTEN DOES R PRAY
SUPPORT SUPREME COURT DECISION--PRAYER
SEX BEFORE MARRIAGE
VOTE FOR CLINTON, BUSH, PEROT
RS OCCUPATIONAL PRESTIGE SCORE (1980)
RACE OF RESPONDENT
REGION OF RESIDENCE, AGE 16
REGION OF INTERVIEW
RS RELIGIOUS PREFERENCE
RELIGION IN WHICH RAISED
RELIGIOSITY
STRENGTH OF RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION
TYPE OF PLACE LIVED IN WHEN 16 YRS OLD
RESPONDENTS INCOME
RESPONDENT SOCIOECONOMIC INDEX
RESPONDENTS SEX
SEX EDUCATION IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS
FREQUENCY OF SEX DURING LAST YEAR
FAVOR SPANKING TO DISCIPLINE CHILD
ALLOW ANTI-RELIGIONIST TO SPEAK
ALLOW COMMUNIST TO SPEAK
ALLOW HOMOSEXUAL TO SPEAK
ALLOW MILITARIST.TO SPEAK
ALLOW RACIST TO SPEAK
RIGHT TO SUICIDE IF INCURABLE DISEASE
RIGHT TO SUICIDE IF BANKRUPT
RIGHT TO SUICIDE IF DISHONORED FAMILY
RIGHT TO SUICIDE IF TIRED OF LIVING
SEX BEFORE MARRIAGE -- TEENS 14-16
TOLERANCE--ANTI RELIGIONIST
TOLERANCE--COMMUNIST
TOLERANCE--HOMOSEXUAL
TOLERANCE--MILITARIST
TOLERANCE--RACIST
CAN PEOPLE BE TRUSTED
DID R VOTE IN 1992 ELECTION
SEX WITH PERSON OTHER THAN SPOUSE
SEEN X-RATED MOVIE IN LAST YEAR
YEAR OF GSS SURVEY (1998 OR 2000)

  ABANY Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion the woman wants it for any reason? 1 YES

2 NO

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

ABDEFECT Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if there is a strong chance of serious defect in the baby? 1 YES

2 NO

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

ABHLTH Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if the woman's own health is seriously endangered by the pregnancy? 1 YES

2 NO

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

ABNOMORE Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if she is married and does not want any more children? 1 YES

2 NO

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

ABPOOR Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if the family has a very low income and cannot afford any more children? 1 YES

2 NO

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

ABRAPE Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if she became pregnant as a result of rape? 1 YES

2 NO

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

ABSINGLE Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if she is not married and does not want to marry the man? 1 YES

2 NO

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

ADULTS Household members 18 years and older

AGE Age of respondent in years

99 NA AGED As you know, many older people share a home with their grown children. Do you think this is generally a good idea or a bad idea? 1 A GOOD IDEA

2 DEPENDS

3 A BAD IDEA

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

ATTEND How often do you attend religious services? 0 NEVER

1 LESS THAN ONCE A YEAR

2 ONCE A YEAR

3 SEVERAL TIMES A YEAR

4 ONCE A MONTH

5 2-3 TIMES A MONTH

6 NEARLY EVERY WEEK

7 EVERY WEEK

8 MORE THN ONCE A WEEK

9 DK,NA
 

BIBLE Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible?

                    1. Bible is the actual word of God and is to be taken literally, word for word

2. Bible is the inspired word of God but not everything in it should be taken literally, word for word
3. Bible is an ancient book of fables, legends, history, and moral precepts recorded by men
                    4. Other
                    0. NAP
                    8. DK
                    9. NA
CAPPUN Do you favor or oppose the death penalty for persons convicted of murder? 1 FAVOR

2 OPPOSE

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

CHILDS How many children have you ever had? (Includes all that were born alive at any time and those from a previous marriage)
8 EIGHT OR MORE
9 NA
CHLDIDEL What do you think is the ideal number of children for a family to have? 7 SEVEN+

-1 NAP

8 AS MANY AS WANT

9 DK,NA
 

CLASS If you were asked to use one of four names for your social class, which would you say you belong in: the lower class, the working class, the middle class, or the upper class? 1 LOWER CLASS

2 WORKING CLASS

3 MIDDLE CLASS

4 UPPER CLASS

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

COLATH There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against all churches and religion. Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not?
1 ALLOW

2 NOT ALLOW

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

COLCOM Now, I should like to ask you some questions about a man who admits he is a Communist. Suppose he is teaching in a college. Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? 1 ALLOW

2 NOT ALLOW

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA

COLHOMO And what about a man who admits that he is a homosexual? Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? 1 ALLOW

2 NOT ALLOW

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

COLMIL Consider a person who advocates doing away with elections and letting the military run the country. Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? 1 ALLOW

2 NOT ALLOW

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

COLRAC Or consider a person who believes that Blacks are genetically inferior. Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not?
1 ALLOW

2 NOT ALLOW

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

CONCLERG I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence, or hardly any confidence at all in them?

Organized religion

1 A GREAT DEAL

2 ONLY SOME

3 HARDLY ANY

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA

DEGREE Respondent’s highest degree 0 LESS THAN HIGH SCHOOL

1 HIGH SCHOOL

2 JUNIOR COLLEGE

3 BACHELOR

4 GRADUATE

7 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

DENOM Selected denominations (Protestant) 1 Catholic

2 Jewish

3 Presbyterian

4 Episcopal

5 Methodist

6 Baptist

7 Southern Baptist

8 Lutheran

9 Lutheran–Missouri, Wisconsin, other

10 Assembly of God

11 Church of God

12 Mormon

0 Other, missing
 

DIVLAW Should divorce in this country be easier or more difficult to obtain than it is now? 1 EASIER

2 STAY SAME

3 MORE DIFFICULT

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

DIVORCE Have you ever been divorced or legally separated? 1 YES

2 NO

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

EDUC What is the highest grade in elementary school or high school that you finished and got credit for? 97 NAP

98 DK

99 NA
 

EQWLTH Some people think that the government in Washington ought to reduce the income differences between the rich and the poor, perhaps by raising the taxes of wealthy families or by giving income assistance to the poor. Others think that the government should not concern itself with reducing this income difference between the rich and the poor. 1 GOVT REDUCE DIFF

7 NO GOVT ACTION

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

EVPAIDSX Thinking about the time since your 18th birthday, have you ever had sex with a person you paid or who paid you for sex? 1 YES

2 NO

0 NAP

9 NA
 

EVSTRAY Have you ever had sex with someone other than your husband or wife while you were married? 1 YES

2 NO

3 NEVER MARRIED

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

FAIR Do you think most people would try to take advantage of you if they got a chance, or would they try to be fair? 1 TAKE ADVANTAGE

2 DEPENDS

3 FAIR

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

FECHLD A working mother can establish just as warm and secure a relationship with her children as a mother who does not work. 1 STRONGLY AGREE

2 AGREE

3 DISAGREE

4 STRONGLY DISAGREE

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

FEFAM It is much better for everyone involved if the man is the achiever outside the home and the woman takes care of the home and family.
1 STRONGLY AGREE

2 AGREE

3 DISAGREE

4 STRONGLY DISAGREE

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

FEPOL Most men are better suited emotionally for politics than are most women. 1 AGREE

2 DISAGREE

0 NAP

8 NOT SURE

9 NA
 

FEPRESCH A preschool child is likely to suffer if his or her mother works.
1 STRONGLY AGREE

2 AGREE

3 DISAGREE

4 STRONGLY DISAGREE

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA

FUND Fundamentalism/Liberalism of respondent's religion

Note: This variable was created by NORC by classifying religions as fundamentalist, moderate, or liberal. All members of a particular religion are placed in the same category. This variable is not based on individual responses.

1 FUNDAMENTALIST

2 MODERATE

3 LIBERAL

0 NAP

9 NA
 

FUND16 Fundamentalism/Liberalism of religion respondent raised in 1 FUNDAMENTALIST

2 MODERATE

3 LIBERAL

0 NAP

9 NA
 

GRASS Do you think the use of marijuana should be made legal or not?
1 LEGAL

2 NOT LEGAL

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 
 

GUNLAW Would you favor or oppose a law which would require a person to obtain a police permit before he or she could buy a gun?
1 FAVOR

2 OPPOSE

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

HAPMAR Taking things all together, how would you describe your marriage? Would you say that your marriage is very happy, pretty happy, or not too happy? 1 VERY HAPPY

2 PRETTY HAPPY

3 NOT TOO HAPPY

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA

HAPPY Taken all together, how would you say things are these dayswould you say that you are very happy, pretty happy, or not too happy? 1 VERY HAPPY

2 PRETTY HAPPY

3 NOT TOO HAPPY

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

HOMOSEX What about sexual relations between two adults of the same sex–do you think it is always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all? 1 ALWAYS WRONG

2 ALMOST ALWAYS WRONG

3 WRONG ONLY SOMETIMES

4 NOT WRONG AT ALL

0 NAP 8 DK

9 NA
 

ID Respondent’s identification number

INCOME98 In which of these groups did your total family income, from all sources, fall last year before taxes?

1 LT $1000

2 $1000-2999

3 $3000-3999

4 $4000-4999

5 $5000-5999

6 $6000-6999

7 $7000-7999

8 $8000-9999

9 $10000-12499

10 $12500-14999

11 $15000-17499

12 $17500-19999

13 $20000-22499

14 $22500-24999

15 $25000-29999

16 $30000-34999

17 $35000-39999

18 $40000-49999

19 $50000-59999

20 $60000-74999

21 $75000-89999

22 $90000-109999

23 $110000 or over

24 REFUSED

98 DK

99 NA
 

LETDIE1 When a person has a disease that cannot be cured, do you think doctors should be allowed by law to end the patient's life by me painless means if the patient and his family request it? 1 YES

2 NO

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 
 

LIBATH There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against all churches and religion . . .

If some people in your community suggested that a book he wrote against churches and religion should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book, or not?

1 NOT REMOVE (ALLOWED)

2 REMOVE (NOT ALLOWED)

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

LIBCOM Now, I should like to ask you some questions about a man who admits he is a Communist. Suppose he wrote a book which is in your public library. Somebody in your community suggests that the book should be removed from the library. Would you favor removing it, or not? 1 NOT REMOVE (ALLOWED)

2 REMOVE (NOT ALLOWED)

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

LIBHOMO And what about a man who admits that he is a homosexual? If some people in your community suggested that a book he wrote in favor of homosexuality should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book, or not?
1 NOT REMOVE (ALLOWED)

2 REMOVE (NOT ALLOWED)

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA

LIBMIL Consider a person who advocates doing away with elections and letting the military run the country. Suppose he wrote a book advocating doing away with elections and letting the military run the country. Somebody in your community suggests that the book be removed from the public library. Would you favor removing it, or not? 1 NOT REMOVE (ALLOWED)

2 REMOVE (NOT ALLOWED)

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

LIBRAC Or consider a person who believes that Blacks are genetically inferior. If some people in your community suggested that a book he wrote which said Blacks are inferior should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book, or not?
1 NOT REMOVE (ALLOWED)

2 REMOVE (NOT ALLOWED)

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

MADEG Mother’s highest degree
0 LESS THAN HIGH SCHOOL

1 HIGH SCHOOL

2 JUNIOR COLLEGE

3 BACHELOR

4 GRADUATE

7 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 
 

MAEDUC What is the highest grade in elementary school or high school that your mother finished and got credit for?
97 NAP

98 DK

99 NA
 

MARITAL Are you currently--married, widowed, divorced, separated, or have you never been married? 1 MARRIED

2 WIDOWED

3 DIVORCED

4 SEPARATED

5 NEVER MARRIED
 

NUMMEN Now thinking about the time since your 18th birthday (including the past
12 months), how many male partners have you had sex with?
-1 NAP

998 NON-NUMERICAL ANSWER

999 DK, NA
 

NUMWOMEN Now thinking about the time since your 18th (including the past 12 months), how
many female partners have you had sex with?
989 989 OR HIGHER

-1 NAP

998 NON-NUMERICAL ANSWER

999 DK, NA
 

OWNGUN Do you happen to have in your home (IF HOUSE: or garage) any guns or revolvers? 1 YES

2 NO

0 NAP

3 REFUSED

8 DK
 

PADEG Father’s highest degree 0 LESS THAN HIGH SCHOOL

1 HIGH SCHOOL

2 JUNIOR COLLEGE

3 BACHELOR

4 GRADUATE

7 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

PAEDUC What is the highest grade in elementary school or high school that your father finished and got credit for? 97 NAP

98 DK

99 NA
 

PARTNERS How many sex partners have you had in the last 12 months?
0 NO PARTNERS

1 1 PARTNER

2 2 PARTNERS

3 3 PARTNERS

4 4 PARTNERS

5 5-10 PARTNERS

6 11-20 PARTNERS

7 21-100 PARTNERS

-1 NAP

98 DK

99 NA
 

PARTYID Generally speaking, do you usually think of yourself as a Republican, Democrat, Independent, or what? 0 STRONG DEMOCRAT

1 NOT STRONG DEMOCRAT

2 INDEPENDENT, NEAR DEMOCRAT

3 INDEPENDENT

4 INDEPENDENT, NEAR REPUBLICAN

5 NOT STRONG REPUBLICAN

6 STRONG REPUBLICAN

7 OTHER PARTY

9 NA
 

POLVIEWS We hear a lot of talk these days about liberals and conservatives. I'm going to show you a seven-point scale on which the political views that people might hold are arranged from extremely liberal--point 1--to extremely conservative-- point 7. Where would you place yourself on this scale? 1 EXTREMELY LIBERAL

2 LIBERAL

3 SLIGHTLY LIBERAL

4 MODERATE

5 SLIGHTLY CONSERVATIVE

6 CONSERVATIVE

7 EXTRMLY CONSERVATIVE

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

PORNLAW Which of these statements comes closest to your feelings about pornography laws? 1 ILLEGAL TO ALL

2 ILLEGAL UNDER 18

3 LEGAL

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

POSTLIFE Do you believe there is a life after death?
1 YES

2 NO

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

PRAY About how often do you pray?
1 SEVERAL TIMES A DAY

2 ONCE A DAY

3 SEVERAL TIMES A WEEK

4 ONCE A WEEK

5 LESS THAN ONCE A WEEK

6 NEVER

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

PRAYER The United States Supreme Court has ruled that no state or local government may require the reading of the Lord's Prayer or Bible verses in public schools. What are your views on this--do you approve or disapprove of the court ruling?
1 APPROVE

2 DISAPPROVE

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

PREMARSX There's been a lot of discussion about the way morals and attitudes about sex are changing in this country. If a man and woman have sex relations before marriage, do you think it is always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all? 1 ALWAYS WRONG

2 ALMST ALWAYS WRG

3 SOMETIMES WRONG

4 NOT WRONG AT ALL

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

PRES96 Did you vote for Clinton, Dole, or Perot in 1996?
1 CLINTON

2 DOLE

3 PEROT

4 OTHER

0 NAP

6 NO PRES. VOTE

9 DK, NA
 

PRESTG80 Prestige of respondent’s occupation. Measure of respondent’s occupational prestige which is a replication and extension of the Hodge-Siegel-Rossi ratings of occupational prestige. Low scores indicate low prestige and high scores indicate high prestige. See the appendices in the Cumulative Codebook for the General Social Surveys for more information. 0 DK, NA, NAP RACE What race do you consider yourself? 1 WHITE

2 BLACK

3 OTHER
 

REG16 In what state or foreign country were you living when you were 16 years old?
0 FOREIGN

1 NEW ENGLAND

2 MIDDLE ATLANTIC

3 E. NOR. CENTRAL

4 W. NOR. CENTRAL

5 SOUTH ATLANTIC

6 E. SOU. CENTRAL

7 W.SOU. CENTRAL

8 MOUNTAIN

9 PACIFIC
 

REGION Region of interview 1 NEW ENGLAND

2 MIDDLE ATLANTIC

3 E. NOR. CENTRAL

4 W. NOR. CENTRAL

5 SOUTH ATLANTIC

6 E. SOU. CENTRAL

7 W.SOU. CENTRAL

8 MOUNTAIN

9 PACIFIC
 

RELIG What is your religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or no religion? 1 PROTESTANT

2 CATHOLIC

3 JEWISH

4 NONE

5 OTHER

8 DK

9 NA
 
 

RELIG1 More detailed breakdown of religious preference.  
1 Protestant—Baptist

2 Protestant—Methodist

3 Protestant—Lutheran

4 Protestant—Presbyterian

5 Protestant—Episcopal

6 Protestant—Other denomination

7 Protestant—No Protestant denomination given or non-denominational Protestant

8 Catholic

9 Jewish

10 No religious preference

11 Other religious preference

0 NAP

98 DK

99 NA
 

RELIG16 In what religion were you raised? 1 PROTESTANT

2 CATHOLIC

3 JEWISH

4 NONE

5 OTHER

8 DK

9 NA
 

RELIGOS Religiosity. Religiosity is the strength of an individual’s attachment to his or her religious affiliation. It was created by combining three other variables–RELITEN (attachment to religious preference), PRAY (frequency of prayer), and ATTEND (frequency of church attendance). If an individual says he has a strong attachment to his religious affiliation, attends church often, and prays often, then he or she is highly religious. If an individual says he doesn’t have a strong attachment to his religious affiliation, attends church infrequently, and prays infrequently, then he or she is not religious. Everyone else will be somewhere between highly religious and not religious.
 
1 HIGH IN RELIGIOSITY 2 MEDIUM IN RELIGIOSITY 3 LOW IN RELIGIOSITY 9 MISSING INFORMATION


RELITEN Would you call yourself a strong ______ or a not very strong ______?

1 STRONG

2 SOMEWHAT STRONG

3 NOT VERY STRONG

4 NO RELIGION

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

RES16 Which of the categories on this card comes closest to the type of place you were living in when you were 16 years old?
1 COUNTRY, NONFARM

2 FARM

3 TOWN LESS THAN 50,000

4 50,000 TO 250,000

5 BIG-CITY SUBURB

6 CITY GREATER THAN 2,500,000

8 DK

9 NA
 

RINCOM98 Respondent's income. In which of these groups did your earnings for last year fall? That is, before taxes or other deductions. 1 LT $1000

2 $1000-2999

3 $3000-3999

4 $4000-4999

5 $5000-5999

6 $6000-6999

7 $7000-7999

8 $8000-9999

9 $10000-12499

10 $12500-14999

11 $15000-17499

12 $17500-19999

13 $20000-22499

14 $22500-24999

15 $25000-29999

16 $30000-34999

17 $35000-39999

18 $40000-49999

19 $50000-59999

20 $60000-74999

21 $75000-89999

22 $90000-109999

23 $110000 or over

24 REFUSED

98 DK

99 NA
 

SEI Respondent’s socioeconomic index. Measure of occupational prestige which is based on the work of Otis Dudley Duncan. Low scores indicate low prestige and high scores indicate high prestige. See the appendices in the Cumulative Codebook for the General Social Surveys for more information. 0 NAP SEX Respondent’s sex 1 MALE

2 FEMALE
 

SEXEDUC Would you be for or against sex education in the public schools?
1 FAVOR

2 OPPOSE

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

SEXFREQ About how often did you have sex during the last 12 months? 0 NOT AT ALL

1 ONCE OR TWICE

2 ONCE A MONTH

3 2-3 TIMES A MONTH

4 WEEKLY

5 2-3 PER WEEK

6 4+ PER WEEK

-1 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

SPANKING Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree that it is sometimes necessary to discipline a child with a good, hard spanking?
1 STRONGLY AGREE

2 AGREE

3 DISAGREE

4 STRONGLE DISAGREE

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

SPKATH There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against all churches and religion.
If such a person wanted to make a speech in your (city/town/community) against churches and religion, should he be allowed to speak, or not?
1 ALLOWED

2 NOT ALLOWED

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

SPKCOM Now, I should like to ask you some questions about a man who admits he is a Communist. Suppose this admitted Communist wanted to make a speech in your community. Should he be allowed to speak, or not? 1 ALLOWED

2 NOT ALLOWED

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

SPKHOMO And what about a man who admits that he is a homosexual? Suppose this admitted homosexual wanted to make a speech in your community. Should he be allowed to speak, or not? 1 ALLOWED

2 NOT ALLOWED

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

SPKMIL Consider a person who advocates doing away with elections and letting the military run the country. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your community, should he be allowed to speak, or not? 1 ALLOWED

2 NOT ALLOWED

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

SPKRAC Or consider a person who believes that Blacks are genetically inferior. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your community claiming that Blacks are inferior, should he be allowed to speak, or not?
1 ALLOWED

2 NOT ALLOWED

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

SUICIDE1 Do you think a person has the right to end his or her own life if this person has an incurable disease? 1 YES

2 NO

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

SUICIDE2 Do you think a person has the right to end his or her own life if this person if this person has gone bankrupt? 1 YES

2 NO

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

SUICIDE3 Do you think a person has the right to end his or her own life if this person Has dishonored his or her family? 1 YES

2 NO

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

SUICIDE4 Do you think a person has the right to end his or her own life if this person is tired of living and ready to die? 1 YES

2 NO

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

TEENSEX What if they are in their early teens, say 14 to 16 years old? In that case, do you think sex relations before marriage are always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all?
1 ALWAYS WRONG

2 ALMST ALWAYS WRG

3 SOMETIMES WRONG

4 NOT WRONG AT ALL

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

TOLCOM Tolerance–communist. This is a measure of tolerance created by combining COLATH, LIBATH, and SPKATH. These questions ask if a person would allow someone who is opposed to all churches and religions to teach in a college or university, to have a book in the public library, and to give a public speech. A person is high in tolerance if they would allow all three and low if they would not allow any. All others are medium in tolerance. 1 HIGH

2 MEDIUM HIGH

3 MEDIUM LOW

4 LOW
 

TOLATH Tolerance–anti-religionist. This is a measure of tolerance created by combining COLCOM, LIBCOM, and SPKCOM. These questions ask if a person who is a communist to teach in a college or university, to have a book in the public library, and to give a public speech. A person is high in tolerance if they would allow all three and low if they would not allow any. All others are medium in tolerance. 1 HIGH

2 MEDIUM HIGH

3 MEDIUM LOW

4 LOW
 

TOLHOMO Tolerance–homosexual. This is a measure of tolerance created by combining COLHOMO, LIBHOMO, and SPKHOMO. These questions ask if a person who is a homosexual to teach in a college or university, to have a book in the public library, and to give a public speech. A person is high in tolerance if they would allow all three and low if they would not allow any. All others are medium in tolerance. 1 HIGH

2 MEDIUM HIGH

3 MEDIUM LOW

4 LOW
 

TOLMIL Tolerance–militarist. This is a measure of tolerance created by combining COLMIL, LIBMIL, and SPKMIL. These questions ask if a person who is a

militarist to teach in a college or university, to have a book in the public library, and to give a public speech. A person is high in tolerance if they would allow all three and low if they would not allow any. All others are medium in tolerance.

1 HIGH

2 MEDIUM HIGH

  3 MEDIUM LOW

4 LOW
 

TOLRAC Tolerance–racist. This is a measure of tolerance created by combining COLRAC, LIBRAC, and SPKRAC. These questions ask if a person who is a racist to teach in a college or university, to have a book in the public library, and to give a public speech. A person is high in tolerance if they would allow all three and low if they would not allow any. All others are medium in tolerance. 1 HIGH

2 MEDIUM HIGH

  3 MEDIUM LOW

4 LOW
 

TRUST Generally speaking, would you say that most people can be trusted or that you can't be too careful in dealing with people? 1 CAN TRUST

2 CANNOT TRUST

3 DEPENDS

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA

VOTE96 In 1996, you remember that Clinton ran for President on the Democratic ticket against Dole for the Republicans and Perot as an Independent. Do you remember for sure whether or not you voted in that election? 1 VOTED

2 DID NOT VOTE

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA

XMARSEX What is your opinion about a married person having sexual relations with someone other than the marriage partner--is it always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all? 1 ALWAYS WRONG

2 ALMOST ALWAYS WRONG

3 SOMETIMES WRONG

4 NOT WRONG AT ALL

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

XMOVIE Have you seen an X-rated movie in the last year? 1 YES

2 NO

0 NAP

8 DK

9 NA
 

YEAR Year of GSS Survey 1998
2000

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