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Codebook to Accompany the Instructional Subset 1996 American National Election Study

John L. Korey, Calif State Polytechnic University Pomona
JeDon Emenhiser, Humboldt State University

© The Authors, 1998; Last Modified 16 August 1998

The data and codebook for this instructional subset were extracted by John L. Korey, California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, and JeDon Emenhiser, Humboldt State University, from material provided by the Center for Political Studies. The material was downloaded from the National Election Study home page on the world wide web http://www.umich.edu/~nes/ on August 3, 1997. For complete documentation visit this website or contact your campus ICPSR Official Representative.

-----------------------------------

INSTRUCTIONAL SUBSET OF AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDY, 1996: PRE- AND POST-ELECTION SURVEYS (ICPSR 6896)

Principle Investigators Steven J. Rosenstone, Donald R. Kinder, and Warren E. Miller

During the winter and early spring of 1997 the National Election Studies staff and ICPSR prepared a comprehensive version of the 1996 American National Election Study. Altogether, 1714 citizens were interviewed in the 9 weeks prior to the November 5, 1996 election. In the weeks following the election, 1534 pre-election respondents were reinterviewed. The 1996 NES data set includes a weight which incorporates sampling, nonresponse and post-stratification factors. The frequencies that appear in this codebook are unweighted.

CODEBOOK INFORMATION

An example of a 1996 codebook (variable) record appears below with some explanatory material. The annotations refer to portions of the codebook record according to the numbers [1] - [9]

Note: If these tables do not line up properly, you may need to adjust your browser settings.

.........................................................
  [1]       [2]                [3]            [4]
TPRECORD (V960021)           Numeric     Missing Value 9

    [5]   PRE-ELECTION - Was interview tape recorded
          ------------------------------------------------------
    [6]
             168       1.  Yes

            1288       5.  No

             258       9.  NA

             [7]      [8]  [9]
................................................................

[1] [This is the SPSS variable name used in creating this subset.]

[2] [The names in parenthesis (beginning with "V" followed by a number)
are the names provided by the ICPSR in the SAS and SPSS data definition
files which accompany the raw data and in the original ICPSR codebook
documentation.  If the last four digits in the original variable name
are under 0900, this indicates an item from the pre-election survey;
if the last four digits are 0900 or more, this indicates an item from
the post-election survey.]

[3] This describes whether the variable is character or numeric.  If a
numeric variable has decimal places, it appears below the variable
type.  If a numeric variable has no indication for decimal places,
then there are 0 decimal places.

[4] Missing values, if they appear, identify the codes which are
by default assigned to missing data in the SAS and SPSS data definition
files which accompany the raw ASCII data.  In the example above, the
value 9 is considered missing data and is so assigned in the SAS and
SPSS data definition files.  If two missing data values appear, the
second will appear preceded by "GE" to designate that codes equal to
or greater than it are missing data.

[5]  This is the question text for the administered question; it can
also be, as in this example, a description of the processing or
administration variable.  All question text appears above the dashed
line.

[6]  Explanatory notes or other material provided by NES may appear
below the dashed line, preceding the code values.

[7] These are the frequency counts for the code values.  The frequency
counts are unweighted in 1996.

[8] These are the code values representing response categories used
for the question.

[9] These are the code labels for the numbered response categories (code
values).  "DK" is equivalent to "don't know," "NA" represents "not
ascertained" and "INAP" indicates "inappropriate" (not applicable).


Summary of Variable Information:

SPSS 			SPSS                               Position
Variable Name	Variable Label

WEIGHT    	96PR:FULL SAMPLE WEIGHT                           1
SEX		96PR:R'S GENDER                                   2
RACE		96PR:R'S RACE                                     3
REGION    	96PR:CENSUS REGION-INTERVIEW LOCATION             4
POLVIEWS  	96PR:R SCALE LIB-CON                              5
FOREIGN   	96PR:U.S. ISOLATIONISM PRO/CON                    6
MILFORCE  	96PR:U.S. USE FORCE HOW WILLING                   7
TERMLIM   	96PR:12-YEAR TERM LIMITS PRO/CON               	  8
PARTYID   	96PR:SUMMARY R PARTY ID                           9
SERVSPND  	96PR:SCALE SERV/SPEND                            10
DEFENSE   	96PR:R SCALE DEFENSE SPENDING                  	 11
MEDINSUR  	96PR:SCALE GOVT HEALTH INSURANCE                 12
HELPBLKS  	96PR:SCALE HELP BLACKS                           13
ABORTION  	96PR:ABORTION SCALE 				 14
CRIME     	96PR:SCALE REDUCE CRIME 			 15
ENVJOBS   	96PR:R SCALE PROTECT ENVIR/JOBS			 16
WOMENROL  	96PR:R SCALE WOMENS RIGHTS			 17
RELIG1    	96PR:ATTEND MAJOR RELIGION GROUP		 18
RELIG2    	96PR:NONATTEND MAJOR RELIGION GROUP		 19
YEARBORN  	96PR:R YEAR OF BIRTH				 20
MARITAL   	96PR:R MARITAL STATUS				 21
EDUC      	96PR:HIGHEST GRADE COMPLETED			 22
INCOME	    	96PR:R FAMILY INCOME 1995			 23
HISPANIC	96PR:SPANISH OR HISPANIC ORIGIN			 24
COURTRAT  	96PO:FEELING THERM - SUPREME COURT		 25
CONGRAT 	96PO:FEELING THERM - CONGRESS			 26
MILITRAT  	96PO:FEELING THERM - THE MILITARY		 27
FEDRLRAT  	96PO:FEELING THERM - FEDERAL GOVT		 28
VOTE  	    	96PO:DID R VOTE					 29
VOTEPRES  	96PO:WHICH PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE		 30
VOTEHSE   	96PO:WHO R VOTED FOR HOUSE - PARTY	 	 31
IFPRES    	96PO:IF R NOT VOTE: WHO PREFER FOR PRES		 32
IFHOUSE   	96PO:IF R NOT VOTE: WHO PREFER HSE PRTY 	 33
GAYJOBS   	96PO:R FAVOR/OPPOSE PROTECT HOMOSEXUALS 	 34
GAYMILIT  	96PO:R THINK HOMOSEXUALS SERVE IN ARMY		 35
DEATHPEN  	96PO:DOES R FAVOR/OPPOSE THE DEATH PEN		 36
PRAYER  	96PO:R'S OPINION ON THE ISS OF SCH PRYR		 37
GUNLAW    	96PO:DOES R FAVOR/OPPOSE HANDGUN CNTRL		 38
SHAREMON 	96PO:GPVT REDUCE DIFF BETW RICH/POOR		 39
WELFCHLD	96PO:LIMITING WELFARE WOMEN W/CHILD		 40
WELFLMT 	96PO:R FAVOR/OPPOSE 2 YEAR LIMIT ON WEL		 41
IMMIGRAT  	96PO:NUMBER OF IMMIGRANTS INCR/DECR		 42
IMPORTS   	96PO:R FAVOR/OPPOSE LIMITING IMPORTS		 43
WEIGHT (V960003)  Numeric  Dec 4


Full sample weight

-------------------------------------------------------

This weight compensates for the unequal probabilities of
selection for respondents in different size households and
for different non-response across geographic sample design
categories and between panel and cross-section
respondents.  It is post-stratified to the July 1995
Census population projections for age, by sex by Census
region categories (Current Population Reports P25-1111,
Table 4).  This  is a 6 digit variable with a coded
decimal point and 4 actual decimal places.
See also the "Construction of Analysis weights" in the
Sample Design section of the Appendix to the codebook for
the 1996 study.

........................................................

SEX (V960066)          Numeric

         R's sex is:

          768             1.    Male
          946             2.    Female


RACE (V960067)         Numeric     Missing Value 9

         R's race is:

         1454             1.    White
          207             2.    Black
           19             3.    American indian or Alaskan native
           24             4.    Asian or Pacific islander
                          7.    Other
           10             9.    NA

REGION (V960115)       Numeric

         1996 Census Region - Interview Location

          260             1.    Northeast (CT, ME, MA, NH, NJ, NY, PA,
                                RI, VT)
          458             2.    North Central (IL, IN, IA, KS, MI, MN,
                                MO, NE, ND, OH, SD, WI)
          642             3.    South (AL, AR, DE, DC, FL, GA, KY, LA,
                                MD, MS, NC, OK, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV)
          354             4.    West (AK, AZ, CA, CO, HI, ID, MT, NM,
                                NV, OR, UT, WA, WY)

POLVIEWS (V960365)     Numeric     Missing Values 0,  GE 8

         We hear a lot of talk these days about liberals and
         conservatives.  Here is a seven-point scale on which the
         political views that people might hold are arranged from
         extremely liberal to extremely conservative.

         Where would you place YOURSELF on this scale, or
         haven't you thought much about this?

           24             1.    Extremely liberal
          130             2.    Liberal
          186             3.    Slightly liberal
          402             4.    Moderate; middle of the road
          265             5.    Slightly conservative
          278             6.    Conservative
           44             7.    Extremely conservative
           14             8.    DK
            2             9.    NA; RF
          369             0.    Haven't thought much [DO NOT PROBE]

FOREIGN (V960410)      Numeric     Missing Values 8,  GE 9

         Do you AGREE or DISAGREE with this statement:
         'This country would be better off if we just stayed home
         and did not concern ourselves with problems in other
         parts of the world?'

          445             1.    Agree
         1241             5.    Disagree
           22             8.    DK
            6             9.    NA; RF

MILFORCE (V960411)     Numeric     Missing Values 8,  GE 9

         In the future, how willing should the United States be
         to use military force to solve international problems --
         EXTREMELY WILLING, VERY WILLING, SOMEWHAT WILLING, NOT
         VERY WILLING, or NEVER WILLING?

          104             1.    Extremely willing
          286             2.    Very willing
         1002             3.    Somewhat willing
          247             4.    Not very willing
           55             5.    Never willing
           17             8.    DK
            3             9.    NA; RF


TERMLIM (V960412)      Numeric     Missing Values 8,  GE 9

         A law has been proposed that would limit the members of
         Congress to no more than 12 consecutive years of service
         in that office.  Do you favor or oppose such a law?

         1332             1.    Favor
          324             2.    Oppose
           35             7.    Other (specify) [VOL]
           22             8.    DK
            1             9.    NA; RF

PARTYID (V960420)      Numeric     Missing Values 8,  GE 9

         Generally speaking, do you usually think of yourself as
         a Republican, a Democrat, an Independent, or what?

         IF R CONSIDERS SELF REPUBLICAN /
         IF R CONSIDERS SELF DEMOCRAT:

         a. Would you call yourself a strong Republican or a not
         very strong Republican?
         b. Would you call yourself a strong Democrat or a not
         very strong Democrat?

         IF R CONSIDERS SELF INDEPENDENT, NO PREFERENCE, OTHER:

         Do you think of yourself as closer to the Republican
         Party or to the Democratic Party?

          329             0.    Strong Democrat
          334             1.    Weak Democrat
          233             2.    Independent-Democrat
          145             3.    Independent-Independent
          183             4.    Independent-Republican
          257             5.    Weak Republican
          214             6.    Strong Republican
            1             7.    Other; minor party; refuses to say
           14             8.    Apolitical
            4             9.    NA

SERVSPND (V960450)     Numeric     Missing Values 0,  GE 8

         Some people think the government should provide fewer
         services even in areas such as health and eduation in
         order to reduce spending.  Suppose these people are at
         one end of a scale, at point 1.  Other people feel it is
         important for the government to provide many more
         services even if it means an increase in spending.
         Suppose these people are at the other end, at point 7.
         And, of course, some other people have opinions
         somewhere in between, at points 2,3,4,5 or 6.

         Where would you place YOURSELF on this scale, or
         haven't you thought much about this?

           95             1.    Government should provide many fewer
                                services; reduce spending a lot
          180             2.
          272             3.
          460             4.
          244             5.
          130             6.
           85             7.    Government should provide many more
                                services; increase spending a lot
            6             8.    DK
            3             9.    NA; RF
          239             0.    Haven't thought much about it


DEFENSE (V960463)      Numeric     Missing Values 0,  GE 8

         Some people believe that we should spend much less money
         for defense.  Suppose these people are at one end of a
         scale, at point 1.  Others feel that defense spending
         should be greatly increased.  Suppose these people are
         at the other end, at point 7.  And, of course, some
         other people have opinions somewhere in between at
         points 2,3,4,5, or 6.

         Where would you place YOURSELF on this scale, or
         haven't you thought much about this?

           72             1.    Greatly decrease defense spending
          148             2.
          251             3.
          492             4.
          310             5.
          139             6.
           69             7.    Greatly increase defense spending
            4             8.    DK
            3             9.    NA; RF
          226             0.    Haven't thought much about it


MEDINSUR (V960479)     Numeric     Missing Values 0,  GE 8

         There is much concern about the rapid rise in medical
         and hospital costs.  Some people feel there should be a
         government insurance plan which would cover all medical
         and hospital expenses for everyone.  (Suppose these
         people are at one end of a scale, at point 1).  Others
         feel that all medical expenses should be paid by
         individuals and through private insurance plans like
         Blue Cross or some other company paid plans.  (Suppose
         these people are at the other end, at point 7).  And, of
         course, some other people have opinions somewhere in
         between at points 2,3,4,5, or 6.

         Where would you place YOURSELF on this scale, or
         haven't you thought much about this?

          219             1.    Government insurance plan
          170             2.
          206             3.
          328             4.
          243             5.
          203             6.
          167             7.    Private insurance plan
           12             8.    DK
            2             9.    NA; RF
          164             0.    Haven't though much about it

HELPBLKS (V960487)     Numeric     Missing Values 0,  GE 8

         Some people feel that the government in Washington
         should make every effort to improve the social and
         economic position of blacks.  (Suppose these people are
         at one end of a scale, at point 1.)  Others feel that
         the government should not make any special effort to
         help blacks because they should help themselves.
         (Suppose these people are at the other end, at point
         7.)  And, of course, some other people have opinions
         somewhere in between, at points 2,3,4,5, or 6.

         Where would you place YOURSELF on this scale, or
         haven't you thought much about this?

           76             1.    Government should help blacks
           66             2.
          148             3.
          366             4.
          316             5.
          294             6.
          296             7.    Blacks should help themselves
           13             8.    DK
            9             9.    NA; RF
          130             0.    Haven't thought much about it


ABORTION (V960503)     Numeric     Missing Values 8,  GE 9

         There has been some discussion about abortion during
         recent years.
         Which one of the opinions on this page best agrees with
         your view?  You can just tell me the number of the
         opinion you choose.
         1. By law, abortion should never be permitted.
         2. The law should permit abortion ONLY in case of rape,
            incest or when the woman's life is in danger.
         3. The law should permit abortion for reasons OTHER THAN
            rape, incest or danger to the woman's life, but only
            after the need for the abortion has been clearly
            established.
         4. By law, a woman should always been able to obtain an
            abortion as a matter of personal choice
         7. Other [VOL]

          200             1.    Never permitted
          496             2.    Rape, incest, danger only
          272             3.    Clear need
          711             4.    Always as personal choice
           25             7.    Other (specify) [VOL]
            5             8.    DK
            5             9.    NA; RF

CRIME (V960519)       Numeric     Missing Values 0,  GE 8

         Some people say that the best way to reduce crime is to
         address the social problems that cause crime, like bad
         schools, poverty and joblessness.  (Suppose these people
         are at one end of a scale, at point 1.)  Other people
         say the best way to reduce crime is to make sure that
         criminals are caught, convicted and punished.  (Suppose
         these people are at the other end, at point 7.)  And, of
         course, some other people have opinions somewhere in
         between at points 2,3,4,5 or 6.

         Where would you place YOURSELF on this scale or
         haven't you thought much about this?
         --------------------------------------------------------
          186             1.    Social problems that cause crime, like
                                bad schools, poverty, and joblessness
          139             2.
          157             3.
          360             4.
          189             5.
          236             6.
          361             7.    Make sure criminals are caught,
                                convicted and
     	   18             8.    DK
            6             9.    NA; RF
           62             0.    Haven't thought  much about it

ENVJOBS (V960523)      Numeric     Missing Values 0,  GE 8

         Some people think it is important to protect the
         environment even if it costs some jobs or otherwise
         reduces our standard of living.  (Suppose these people
         are at one end of the scale, at point number 1.)  Other
         people think that protecting the environment is not as
         important as maintaining jobs and our standard of
         living.  (Suppose these people are at the other end of
         the scale, at point numbeer 7.)  And, of course, some
         other people have opinions somewhere in between, at
         points 2,3,4,5 or 6.

         Where would you place YOURSELF on this scale, or
         haven't you thought much about this?

          169             1.    Protect environment, even if it costs
                                jobs, standard of living
          229             2.
          295             3.
          406             4.
          204             5.
          101             6.
           57             7.    Jobs, standard of living more important
                                than environment
            6             8.    DK
            2             9.    NA; RF
          245             0.    Haven't thought much about it


WOMENROL(V960543)     Numeric     Missing Values 0,  GE 8

         Recently there was been a lot of talk about women's
         rights.  Some people feel that women should have an
         equal role with men in running business, industry, and
         government.  (Suppose these people are at one end of a
         scale, at point 1.)  Others feel that a woman's place is
         in the home.  (Suppose these people are at the other
         end, at point 7.)  And, of course, some other people
         have opinions somewhere in between, at points 2,3,4,5 or
         6.

         Where would you place YOURSELF on this scale, or
         haven't you thought much about this?

          818             1.    Women and men should have equal roles
          319             2.
          132             3.
          196             4.
           71             5.
           55             6.
           54             7.    A woman's place is in the home
           10             8.    DK
            2             9.    NA; RF
           57             0.    Haven't thought much about it


RELIG1 (V960581)       Numeric     Missing Values 0,  GE 8

         IF R ATTENDS RELIGIOUS SERVICES:

         Do you mostly attend a place of worship that is
         PROTESTANT, ROMAN CATHOLIC, JEWISH, or what?


          683             1.    Protestant
          346             2.    Roman Catholic
           22             3.    Jewish
          153             7.    Other
            4             8.    DK; RF
            1             9.    NA
          505             0.    Inap

RELIG2 (V960582)       Numeric     Missing Values 0,  GE 8

         IF R DOES NOT ATTEND RELIGIOUS SERVICES BUT THINKS OF SELF AS
         PART OF CHURCH OR DENOMINATION:

         Do you consider yourself PROTESTANT, ROMAN CATHOLIC,
         JEWISH, or what?

          163             1.    Protestant
           79             2.    Roman Catholic
           10             3.    Jewish
           31             7.    Other
            1             8.    DK; RF
                          9.    NA
         1430             0.    Inap


YEARBORN (V960604)     Numeric     Missing Values 9997,  GE 9998

         What is the . . . year of your birth?

              Actual year was coded, and:

                       9997.    DK
                       9998.    Refused
                       9999.    NA

MARITAL (V960606)      Numeric     Missing Value 9

         Are you married now and living with your (husband/wife)--
         or are you widowed, divorced, separated, or have you
         never married?

          930             1.    Married
          189             2.    Widowed
          217             3.    Divorced
           49             4.    Separated
          313             5.    Never married
           15             6.    Partners, not married [VOL]
            1             9.    NA; RF

EDUC (V960607)         Numeric     Missing Values 98,  GE 99

         What is the highest grade of school or year of college
         you have completed?

              Grade 0-17 and:

                         17.    17 or more
                         98.    DK
                         99.    NA; RF


INCOME (V960701)       Numeric     Missing Values 0,  GE 88

         Please . . . tell me the letter of the income group that
         includes the income of all members of your family living here
         in 1995 before taxes.  This figure should include salaries, wages,
         pensions, dividends, interest, and all other income.
         [IF UNCERTAIN:  What would be your best guess?]

           41             1.    A. None or less than $2,999
           35             2.    B. $3,000-$4,999
           42             3.    C. $5,000-$6,999
           46             4.    D. $7,000-$8,999
           34             5.    E. $9,000-$9,999
           36             6.    F. $10,000-$10,999
           23             7.    G. $11,000-$11,999
           35             8.    H. $12,000-$12,999
           27             9.    J. $13,000-$13,999
           34            10.    K. $14,000-$14.999
           48            11.    M. $15,000-$16,999
           68            12.    N. $17,000-$19,999
           44            13.    P. $20,000-$21,999
           70            14.    Q. $22,000-$24,999
          110            15.    R. $25,000-$29,999
          129            16.    S. $30,000-$34,999
           98            17.    T. $35,000-$39,999
           80            18.    U. $40,000-$44,999
           86            19.    V. $45,000-$49,999
          130            20.    W. $50,000-$59,999
          144            21.    X. $60,000-$74,999
           73            22.    Z. $75,000-89,999
           54            23.    AA. $90,000-$104,999
           77            24.    BB. $105,000 and over
           60            88.    Refused
           37            98.    DK
           53            99.    NA
                         00.    Inap

HISPANIC (V960708)     Numeric     Missing Value 8

         Are you of Spanish or Hispanic origin or descent?

          149             1.    Yes
         1561             5.    No
            4             8.    DK
                          9.    NA

         [FEELING THERMOMETERS]

         I'd like to get your feelings toward some of our
         political leaders and other people who are in the news
         these days. I'll read the name of a person and I'd like
         you to rate that person using something we call the
         feeling thermometer.
         Ratings between 50 degrees and 100 degrees mean that you
         feel favorable and warm toward the person.  Ratings
         between 0 degrees and 50 degrees mean that you don't
         feel favorable toward that person and that you don't
         care too much for that person.  You would rate the
         person at the 50 degree mark if you don't feel
         particular warm or cold toward the person.
         If we come to a person whose name you don't recognize,
         you don't need to rate that person.  Just tell me and
         we'll move on to the next one.

COURTRAT (V961025)     Numeric     Missing Values 996,  GE 997

         (Still using the thermometer how would you rate)
         THE SUPREME COURT

              Ratings 0-100 and:

                        996.    Inap, no post IW
                        997.    R doesn't recognize name
                        998.    DK where to rate; can't judge
                        999.    NA; RF

CONGRAT (V961026)      Numeric     Missing Values 996,  GE 997

         (How would you rate)
         CONGRESS

              Ratings 0-100 and:

                        996.    Inap, no post IW
                        997.    R doesn't recognize name
                        998.    DK where to rate; can't judge
                        999.    NA; RF

MILITRAT (V961027)     Numeric     Missing Values 996,  GE 997

         (How would you rate)
         THE MILITARY

              Ratings 0-100 and:

                        996.    Inap, no post IW
                        997.    R doesn't recognize name
                        998.    DK where to rate; can't judge
                        999.    NA; RF

FEDRLRAT (V961028)     Numeric     Missing Values 996,  GE 997

         (How would you rate)
         THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IN WASHINGTON

              Ratings 0-100 and:

                        996.    Inap, no post IW
                        997.    R doesn't recognize name
                        998.    DK where to rate; can't judge
                        999.    NA; RF

VOTE (V961074)         Numeric     Missing Values 0,  GE 8

         In talking to people about elections, we often find that
         a lot of people were not able to vote because they
         weren't registered, they were sick, or they just didn't
         have time.  How about you--did you vote in the
         elections  this November?

         1175             1.    Yes, voted
          359             5.    No, didn't vote
                          6.    R refused to say whether voted
                          8.    DK
                          9.    NA
          180             0.    Inap, no post IW

VOTEPRES (V961082)     Numeric     Missing Values 0,  GE 8

         IF R VOTED:
         IF R VOTED FOR CANDIDATE FOR PRESIDENT:

         Who did you vote for?

          600             1.    Bill Clinton
          434             2.    Bob Dole
           82             3.    Ross Perot
           18             7.    Other
           25             8.    Refused
            1             9.    NA
          554             0.    Inap, R did not vote; R
                                voted but not for President; no Post IW

VOTEHSE (V961089)      Numeric     Missing Values 0,  GE 8

         How about the election for the HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
         in Washington?  Did you vote for a candidate for the
         U.S. House of Representatives?

         IF R VOTED:
         IF R VOTED FOR CANDIDATE FOR HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES:

         Who did you vote for?
         PARTY OF HOUSE VOTE

          498             1.    Democratic candidate
          533             2.    Republican candidate
                          3.    Third party/independent candidate
           18             7.    Name given not on Candidate List for
                                that race
           29             8.    DK; refused
            1             9.    NA
          635             0.    Inap, no post IW; R did not vote;
                                R did not vote in House election

IFPRES (V961099)       Numeric     Missing Values 0,  GE 8

         IF R DID NOT VOTE:

         How about the election for PRESIDENT?  Did you prefer
         one of the candidates for President?

         Who did you prefer?

          211             1.    Clinton
           42             3.    Dole
           29             5.    Perot
            1             7.    Other (specify)
                          8.    DK
                          9.    NA
         1431             0.    Inap, no preference;
                                R voted or DK/refused/NA if voted;
                                no post IW

IFHOUSE (V961103)      Numeric     Missing Values 0,  GE 8

         IF R DID NOT VOTE:

         How about the election for the House of
         Representatives.  Did you prefer one of the candidates
         for the U.S. House of Representatives?

         IF R DID NOT VOTE:
         IF R PREFERRED ONE CANDIDATE FOR HOUSE RACE:

Which candidate was that?/Which candidate did you prefer?
         PARTY CODE OF HOUSE PREFERENCE

           95             1.    Democratic candidate
           73             2.    Republican candidate
            3             7.    Name given not on Candidate List for
                                that race
                          8.    DK
                          9.    NA
         1543             0.    Inap, no preference; R
                                voted or DK/refused/NA if voted


GAYJOBS (V961194)      Numeric     Missing Values 0,  GE 8

         Do you FAVOR or OPPOSE laws to protect homosexuals
         against job discrimination?

         IF R FAVORS LAWS TO PROTECT HOMOSEXUALS AGAINST JOB
         DISCRIMINATION /
         IF R OPPOSES LAWS TO PROTECT HOMOSEXUALS AGAINST JOB
         DISCRIMINATION /

         Do you favor such laws STRONGLY or NOT STRONGLY?
         Do you oppose such laws STRONGLY or NOT STRONGLY?

          572             1.    Favor strongly
          346             2.    Favor not strongly
          188             4.    Oppose not strongly
          330             5.    Oppose strongly
            2             8.    DK
                          9.    NA
          276             0.    Inap; no post IW

GAYMILIT (V961196)     Numeric     Missing Values 0,  GE 8

         Do you think homosexuals should be allowed to serve in
         the United States Armed Forces or don't you think so?

         IF R FAVORS ALLOWING HOMOSEXUALS TO SERVICE IN THE ARMED
         FORCES /
         IF R OPPOSES ALLOWING HOMOSEXUALS TO SERVICE IN THE ARMED
         FORCES:

         Do you feel STRONGLY or NOT STRONGLY that
              homosexuals should be allowed to serve in the
              United States Armed Forces?

Do you feel STRONGLY or NOT STRONGLY that
              homosexuals should not be allowed to serve in the
              United States Armed Forces?

          650             1.    Feel strongly - should be allowed to
                                serve
          368             2.    Feel not strongly - should be allowed
                                to serve
          100             4.    Feel not strongly - should not be
                                allowed to serve
          362             5.    Feel strongly - should not be allowed
                                to serve
            2             8.    DK
            1             9.    NA
          231             0.    Inap; no post IW

DEATHPEN (V961198)     Numeric     Missing Values 0,  GE 8

         Do you FAVOR or OPPOSE the death penalty for persons
         convicted of murder?

         IF R FAVORS THE DEATH PENALTY FOR PERSONS CONVICTED OF MURDER /
         IF R OPPOSES THE DEATH PENALTY FOR PERSONS CONVICTED OF MURDER:

         Do you favor the death penalty for persons
              convicted of murder STRONGLY or NOT STRONGLY?
         Do you oppose the death penalty for persons
              convicted of murder STRONGLY or NOT STRONGLY?

          917             1.    Favor strongly
          250             2.    Favor not strongly
          143             4.    Oppose not strongly
          173             5.    Oppose strongly
            1             8.    DK
                          9.    NA
          230             0.    Inap; no post IW

PRAYER (V961214)       Numeric       Missing Values 0,  GE 8

         Which of the following views comes closest to your
         opinion on the issue of school prayer?  Just give me the
         number of your choice.
         1.  BY LAW, PRAYERS SHOULD NOT BE ALLOWED IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS.
         2.  THE LAW SHOULD ALLOW PUBLIC SCHOOLS TO SCHEDULE TIME
                   WHEN CHILDREN CAN PRAY SILENTLY IF THEY WANT TO.
         3.  THE LAW SHOULD ALLOW PUBLIC SCHOOLS TO SCHEDULE TIME
                   WHEN CHILDREN AS A GROUP, CAN SAY A GENERAL PRAYER
                   NOT TIED TO A PARTICULAR RELIGIOUS FAITH.
         4.  BY LAW, PUBLIC SCHOOLS SHOULD SCHEDULE A TIME WHEN ALL
                   CHILDREN WOULD SAY A CHOSEN CHRISTIAN PRAYER.
         7  OTHER - specify [VOL.]

          186             1.    Not allowed in public schools
          839             2.    Allow children to pray silently
          335             3.    Schedule time for general prayer
          139             4.    Christian prayer required
           29             7.    Other (specify) [VOL]
            1             8.    DK
            5             9.    NA
          180             0.    Inap, no Post IW

GUNLAW (V961217)       Numeric     Missing Values 0,  GE 8

         Do you favor or oppose a ban on the sale of all
         handguns, except those that are issued to law
         enforcement officers?

          707             1.    Favor
          807             5.    Oppose

           12             8.    DK
            8             9.    NA
          180             0.    Inap, no Post IW

SHAREMON (V961320)     Numeric     Missing Values 0,  GE 8

         Some people think that the government in Washington
         ought to reduce income differences between the rich and
         the poor.  Suppose these people are at one end of a
         scale at point 1.  Other people think that the
         government should not concern itself with reducing
         income different between the rich and the poor.  Suppose
         these people are at the other end of a scale at point
         7.  And, of course, some other people have opinions at
         points 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6.
         Where would you place yourself on this scale or haven't
         you thought much about this?

          115             1.    Reduce differences between rich and poor
          126             2.
          166             3.
          245             4.
          150             5.
          170             6.
          202             7.    Govt should not concern itself
            5             8.    DK
          190             9.    NA; Inap, no Post IW
          345             0.    Haven't thought much about it


WELFCHLD (V961322)    Numeric     Missing Values 0,  GE 8

         Some people have proposed that a woman on welfare who
         has another child not be given an increase in her
         welfare check.
         Do you FAVOR or OPPOSE this change in welfare policy?

         IF R FAVORS LAW THAT WOULD NOT ALLOW INCREASE IN WELFARE
         PAYMENTS FOR ADDITIONAL CHILDREN /
         IF R OPPOSES LAW THAT WOULD NOT ALLOW INCREASE IN WELFARE
         PAYMENTS FOR ADDITIONAL CHILDREN:

         Do you favor this change STRONGLY or NOT STRONGLY?
         Do you oppose this change STRONGLY or NOT STRONGLY?

          763             1.    Favor strongly
          249             2.    Favor not strongly
          198             4.    Oppose strongly
          260             5.    Oppose not strongly

            1             8.    DK
                          9.    NA
          243             0.    Inap; no Post IW

WELFLMT (V961324)      Numeric     Missing Values 0,  GE 8

         Another proposal is to put a two year limit on how long
         someone can receive welfare benefits.
         Do you FAVOR or OPPOSE this two year limit?

         IF R FAVORS 2-YEAR LIMIT ON WELFARE BENEFITS/
         IF R OPPOSES 2-YEAR LIMIT ON WELFARE BENEFITS:

         Do you favor the two year limit STRONGLY or NOT STRONGLY?
         Do you oppose the two year limit STRONGLY or NOT STRONGLY?

          860             1.    Favor strongly
          303             2.    Favor not strongly
          150             4.    Oppose not strongly
          179             5.    Oppose strongly
            3             8.    DK
            2             9.    NA
          217             0.    Inap; no Post IW

IMMIGRAT (V961325)     Numeric     Missing Values 0,  GE 8

         Do you think the number of immigrants from foreign
         countries who are permitted to come to the United States
         to live should be INCREASED A LOT, INCREASED A LITTLE,
         LEFT THE SAME as it is now, DECREASED A LITTLE, or
         DECREASED A LOT?

           27             1.    Increased a lot
           52             2.    Increased a little
          557             3.    Left the same as it is now
          448             4.    Decreased a little
          415             5.    Decreased a lot
           21             8.    DK
           14             9.    NA
          180             0.    Inap, no Post IW

IMPORTS (V961327)      Numeric     Missing Values 0,  GE 8

         Some people have suggested placing new limits on foreign
         imports in order to protect American jobs.  Others say
         that such limits would raise consumer prices and hurt
         American exports.
         Do you FAVOR or OPPOSE placing new limits on imports, or
         haven't you thought much about this?

          452             1.    Favor
          394             5.    Oppose
           21             8.    DK
          189             9.    NA; Inap, no Post IW
          658             0.    Haven't thought much about this

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