SSRIC LogoGWOM Exercise

Codebook for Data Set gwomsp.por

Edward E. Nelson and Elizabeth N. Nelson
California State University, Fresno

© The Authors, 1998; Last Modified 18 August 1998

This codebook accompanies gwomsp.por, which is a subset of the 1996 General Social Survey. Some of the variables in the GSS have been recoded to make them easier to use.

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

List of variables
Variable Name Variable Label
ABANY ABORTION--FOR ANY REASON
ABDEFECT ABORTION--STRONG CHANCE OF SERIOUS DEFECT
ABHLTH ABORTION--WOMAN'S HEALTH ENDANGERED
ABNOMORE ABORTION--MARRIED, NO MORE CHILDREN
ABPOOR ABORTION--LOW INCOME, CAN'T AFFORD MORE
ABRAPE ABORTION--PREGNANT AS RESULT OF RAPE
ABSINGLE ABORTION--NOT MARRIED
AGE AGE OF RESPONDENT
AGED SHOULD AGED LIVE WITH THEIR CHILDREN?
AGEKDBRN R'S AGE WHEN 1ST CHILD BORN
ALLBEN EVERYONE BENEFIT FROM TRADITIONAL FAMILY? 
ALLHRT EVERYONE HURT FROM TRADITIONAL FAMILY?
BABIES HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS LESS THAN 6 YRS OLD
BALWKFAM HOW SUCCESSFUL BALANCING WORK & FAMILY?
BORN WAS R BORN IN THIS COUNTRY?
CALM HOW MANY DAYS FELT CALM LAST 7 DAYS
CHILDREN WOMEN'S MOVEMENT IMPROVED CHILDRENS' LIVES
CHILDS NUMBER OF CHILDREN
CHLDBEN CHILDREN BENEFIT FROM TRADITIONAL FAMILY? 
CHLDHRT CHILDREN HURT FROM TRADITIONAL FAMILY?
CHLD IDEAL NUMBER OF CHILDREN
CITIZEN CITIZEN OF U.S. 
CLASS SUBJECTIVE CLASS IDENTIFICATION
COHORT YEAR OF BIRTH
CONTENTD DAYS FELT CONTENTED LAST 7 DAYS
DEGREE R'S HIGHEST DEGREE
DISCAFFM A MAN WON'T GET A JOB OR PROMOTION
DISCAFFW A WOMAN WON'T GET A JOB OR PROMOTION
DIVLAW DIVORCE LAWS
DIVORCE EVER BEEN DIVORCED OR SEPARATED?
EDUC HIGHEST YEAR OF SCHOOL COMPLETED
EMOTEOTH PREFER RELATIONSHIP WHERE
ETHNIC COUNTRY OF FAMILY ORIGIN
EVPAIDSX EVER HAVE SEX PAID FOR SINCE 18
EVSTRAY HAVE SEX OTHER THAN SPOUSE WHILE MARRIED
FAIRHWRK DIVISION OF WORK UNFAIR TO YOU OR SPOUSE
FAMFINAN HOW ORGANIZE FINANCES
FAMGEN NUMBER OF FAMILY GENERATIONS IN HH
FAMLIFE HOW SUCCESSFUL FEEL IN FAMILY LIFE
FEAR AFRAID TO WALK AT NIGHT IN NEIGHBORHOOD
FEBEAR CAN WIFE REFUSE TO HAVE CHILDREN
FECHLD MOTHER WORKING DOESN'T HURT CHILDREN
FEFAM BETTER FOR MAN TO WORK, WOMAN TEND HOME
FEHELP WIFE SHOULD HELP HUSBAND'S CAREER FIRST
FEHIRE SHOULD HIRE AND PROMOTE WOMEN
FEHOME WOMEN TAKE CARE OF HOME NOT COUNTRY
FEIMP IMPORTANCE OF WOMEN'S RIGHTS ISSUE TO R
FEJOBAFF PREFERENTIAL HIRING OF WOMEN
FEKIDS1 WOMEN BIOLIGICALLY BETTER TO CARE
FEKIDS2 WOMEN TAUGHT TO CARE
FEKIDS3 WOMEN DON'T HAVE CHOICE IN CARING
FEKIDS4 MEN HAVE MORE FREEDOM IN CARING
FEKIDS5 GOD'S WILL THAT WOMEN CARE
FELESS1 MEN WORK HARDER THAN WOMEN
FELESS2 WOMEN'S FAMILY RESPONSIBILITIES
FELESS3 MEN GET BETTER JOBS THAN WOMEN
FEMINIST THINK OF SELF AS FEMINIST
FENEWS HOW OFTEN PAY ATTENTION TO WOMEN'S ISSUES
FEPOL WOMEN NOT SUITED FOR POLITICS
FEPRES VOTE FOR WOMAN PRESIDENT
FEPRESCH PRESCHOOL KIDS SUFFER IF MOTHER WORKS
FEWORK SHOULD WOMEN WORK
FINALTER CHANGE IN FINANCIAL SITUATION
FINRELA OPINION OF FAMILY INCOME
FLEXTIME ALLOW WORKERS MORE FLEXIBLE HOURS
GENEABRT ABORT DEFECTIVE FETUS
GENESELF WOULD GENETICALLY TEST FETUS
GOODLIFE STANDARD OF LIVING OF R WILL IMPROVE
HAPBOYS BOYS CHANCES FOR A HAPPY FAMILY LIFE
HAPFEEL DAYS FELT HAPPY LAST 7 DAYS
HAPGIRLS GIRLS CHANCES FOR HAPPY FAMILY LIFE
HAPMAR HAPPINESS OF MARRIAGE
HAPPY GENERAL HAPPINESS
HEALTH CONDITION OF HEALTH
HHRACE RACE OF HOUSEHOLD
HHTYPE HOUSEHOLD TYPE
HHTYPE1 HOUSEHOLD TYPE (CONDENSED)
HMEMAKER WOMEN'S MOVEMENT IMPROVED HMMAKERS LIVES
HOMOSEX HOMOSEXUAL SEX RELATIONS
HOMPOP NUMBER OF PERSONS IN HOUSEHOLD
HRS1 NUMBER OF HOURS WORKED LAST WEEK
INCOME91 TOTAL FAMILY INCOME
JOBFIND COULD R FIND EQUALLY GOOD JOB
JOBLOSE IS R LIKELY TO LOSE JOB
JOBSALL GOVT'S RESP: PROVIDE JOBS FOR ALL
KIDSSOL R'S KIDS LIVING STANDARD COMPARED TO R
LAYOFFS GREATEST RIGHT TO KEEP JOB
LETDIE1 ALLOW INCURABLE PATIENTS TO DIE
LIFE IS LIFE EXCITING OR DULL
LITCNTRL LITTLE CONTROL OVER BAD THINGS
LIVEBLKS LIVE IN NEIGHBORHOOD HALF BLACK
LONELY HOW MANY DAYS FELT LONELY LAST 7 DAYS
MANPROF WOMEN'S MOVEMENT IMPROVED PROF LIVES
MARBLK CLOSE RELATIVE MARRY BLACK
MARFREE PERSONAL FREEDOM MORE IMPT THAN MARRIAGE
MARITAL MARITAL STATUS
MATESEX WAS 1 OF R'S PARTNERS SPOUSE OR REGULAR
MEBEAR CAN HUSBAND REFUSE TO SIRE CHILDREN
MEN MEN'S LIVES IMPROVED
MENBEN MEN BENEFIT FROM TRADITIONAL FAMILY
MENHRT MEN HURT FROM TRADITIONAL FAMILY
MEOVRWRK MEN HURT FAM IF FOCUS ON WORK TOO MUCH
NOONEBEN NO ONE BENEFIT FROM TRADITIONAL FAMILY
NOONEHRT NO ONE HURT FROM TRADITIONAL FAMILY
NUMMEN NUMBER OF MALE SEX PARTNERS SINCE 18
NUMWOMEN NUMBER OF FEMALE SEX PARTNERS SINCE 18
PARLEAVE OFFER PAID TIME OFF TO NEW PARENTS
PARSOL R'S LIVING STANDARD COMPARED TO PARENTS
PARTFULL WAS R'S WORK PART-TIME OR FULL-TIME
PARTNERS HOW MANY SEX PARTNERS R HAD IN LAST YEAR
PILLOK BIRTH CONTROL TO TEENAGERS 14-16
PORNLAW FEELINGS ABOUT PORNOGRAPHY LAWS
PREMARSX SEX BEFORE MARRIAGE
PROUD HOW MANY DAYS FELT PROUD LAST 7 DAYS
RACE RACE OF RESPONDENT
RELIG RS RELIGIOUS PREFERENCE
RELIGID R'S RELIGIOUS IDENTITY
RHMEWRK HOW MUCH HOUSEWORK R DOES
RICHWORK IF RICH, CONTINUE OR STOP WORKING
SATFIN SATISFACTION WITH FINANCIAL SITUATION
SATJOB SATISFACTION WITH JOB, HOUSEWK
SEI RESPONDENT SOCIOECONOMIC INDEX
SELFIRST TAKE CARE OF YOURSELF FIRST BEFORE OTHERS
SELLBABY SURROGATE MOTHERS SHOULD BE PERMITTED
SELLORGN SHOULD PEOPLE BE PERMIT TO SELL KIDNEY
SELLSEX NOTHING WRONG WITH PROSTITUTION
SEX RESPONDENT'S SEX
SEXEDUC SEX EDUCATION IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS
SEXFREQ FREQUENCY OF SEX DURING LAST YEAR
SEXHAR R EXPERIENCED SEXUAL HARRASSMENT
SEXPROMO PROMOTION DIFF FOR MEN, WOMEN
SEXSEX SEX OF SEX PARTNERS IN LAST YEAR
SHARESEP PREFER REL WHERE MEN WOMEN DO THINGS
SPANKING FAVOR SPANKING TO DISCIPLINE CHILD
SPHMEWRK HOW MUCH HOUSEWORK R'S SPOUSE DOES
SPHRS1 NUMBER OF HRS SPOUSE WORKED LAST WEEK
TEENS HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS 13 THRU 17 YRS OLD
TEENSEX SEX BEFORE MARRIAGE -- TEENS 14-16
THNKSELF TO THINK FOR ONE'S SELF
TRADMOD TYPE OF REL PREFERRED WITH PARTNER
TWOINCS HUSB & WIFE SHOULD CONTRIB TO INCOME
WOMENBEN WOMEN BENEFIT FROM TRADITIONAL FAMILY
WOMENHRT WOMEN HURT FROM TRADITIONAL FAMILY
WORKLIFE HOW SUCCESSFUL IN WORK LIFE
WRKCLASS WOMEN'S MOVEMENT IMPROVED WORK CLASS
WRKSTAT LABOR FORCE STATUS
XMARSEX SEX WITH PERSON OTHER THAN SPOUSE

ABANY Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if the woman wants it for any reason?
1 Yes
2 No
0 Not applicable
8 DK
9 NA

ABDEFECT Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if there is a strong chance of serious defect in the baby?
1 Yes
2 No
0 Not applicable
8 DK
9 NA

ABHLTH Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if the woman's own health is seriously endangered by the pregnancy?
1 Yes
2 No
0 Not applicable
8 DK
9 NA

ABNOMORE Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if she is married and does not want any more children?
1 Yes
2 No
0 Not applicable
8 DK
9 NA

ABPOOR Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if the family has a very low income and cannot afford any more children?
1 Yes
2 No
0 Not applicable
8 DK
9 NA

ABRAPE Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if she became pregnant as a result of rape?
1 Yes
2 No
0 Not applicable
8 DK
9 NA

ABSINGLE Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion she is not married and does not want to marry the man?
1 Yes
2 No
0 Not applicable
8 DK
9 NA

AGE Age of Respondent in years
99 NA

AGED As you know, many older people share a home with their grown children. Do you think this is generally a good idea or a bad idea?
1 A good idea
2 Depends
3 A bad idea
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

AGEKDBRN How old were you when your first child was born?
0 NAP
98 DK
99 NA

ALLBEN In many married couples, women take the main responsibility for the care of the home and children, while men take responsibility for supporting the family financially. Does everyone benefit from this?
1 YES
2 NO
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

ALLHURT In many married couples, women take the main responsibility for the care of the home and children, while men take responsibility for supporting the family financially. Is everyone hurt by this arrangement?
1 YES
2 NO
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

BABIES Number of children under 6 in household

BALKWFAM How successful do you feel at balancing your paid work and your family life?
Do you feel....
1 NOT AT ALL SUCCESSFUL
2 NOT VERY SUCCESSFUL
3 VERY SUCCESSFUL
4 SOMEWHAT SUCCESSFUL
5 COMPLETELY SUCCESSFUL
0 NAP
8 DON'T KNOW
9 NA

BORN Were you born in this country?
1 YES
2 NO
9 NA

CALM On how many days in the past 7 days have you felt calm?
-1 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

CHILDREN We'd like your views on how the women's movement has affected certain groups. For each group I name, please tell me whether you think the women's movement has improved their lives, made their lives worse, or had no effect on their lives. What about children?
1 IMPROVED
2 WORSE
3 NO EFFECT
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

CHILDS How many children have you ever had? Please count all that were born alive at any time (including any you had from a previous marriage)
8 EIGHT OR MORE
9 NA

CHLDBEN In many married couples, women take the main responsibility for the care of the home and children, while men take responsibility for supporting the family financially. Do children benefit from this?
1 YES
2 NO
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

CHLDHRT In many married couples, women take the main responsibility for the care of the home and children, while men take responsibility for supporting the family financially. Are children hurt from this?
1 YES
2 NO
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

CHLDIDEL What do you think is the ideal number of children for a family to have?
7 SEVEN+
-1 NAP
8 AS MANY AS WANT
9 DK, NA

CITIZEN Are you a citizen of America?
1 YES
2 NO
8 NAP
9 NA

CLASS If you were asked to use one of four names for your social class, which would you say you belong in: the lower class, the working class, the middle class, or the upper class?
1 LOWER CLASS
2 WORKING CLASS
3 MIDDLE CLASS
4 UPPER CLASS
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

COHORT Birth cohort of respondent-year of birth
9999 Missing

CONTENTD On how many days in the past 7 days have you felt contented?
-1 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

DEGREE Did you ever get a high school diploma or a GED certificate?
0 LT HIGH SCHOOL
1 HIGH SCHOOL
2 JUNIOR COLLEGE
3 BACHELOR
4 GRADUATE
7 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

DISCAFFM What do you think the chances are these days that a man won't get a job or promotion while an equally or less qualified women gets one instead? Is this very likely, somewhat likely, somewhat unlikely, or unlikely these days?
1 VERY LIKELY
2 SOMEWHAT LIKELY
3 SOMEWHAT UNLIKELY
4 VERY UNLIKELY
0 NAP
8 DON'T KNOW
9 NA

DISCAFFW What do you think the chances are these days that a woman won't get a job or promotion while an equally or less qualified men gets one instead? Is this very likely, somewhat likely, somewhat unlikely, or unlikely these days?
1 VERY LIKELY
2 SOMEWHAT LIKELY
3 SOMEWHAT UNLIKELY
4 VERY UNLIKELY
0 NAP
8 DON'T KNOW
9 NA

DIVLAW Should divorce in this country be easier or more difficult to obtain than it is now?
1 EASIER
2 MORE DIFFICULT
3 STAY SAME
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

DIVORCE Have you ever been divorced or legally separated?
1 YES
2 NO
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

EDUC What is the highest grade in elementary school or high school that you finished and got credit for?
97 NAP
98 DK
99 NA

EMOTEOTH Prefer relationship where
1 MAN AND WOMEN DEPENDENT
2 MAN AND WOMAN INDEPENDENT
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

ETHNIC From what countries or part of the world did your ancestors come?
1 AFRICA
2 AUSTRIA
3 FRENCH CANADA
4 OTHER CANADA
5 CHINA
6 CZECHOSLOVAKIA
7 DENMARK
8 ENGLAND & WALES
9 FINLAND
10 FRANCE
11 GERMANY
12 GREECE
13 HUNGARY
14 IRELAND
15 ITALY
16 JAPAN
17 MEXICO
18 NETHERLANDS
19 NORWAY
20 PHILIPPINES
21 POLAND
22 PUERTO RICO
23 RUSSIA
24 SCOTLAND
25 SPAIN
26 SWEDEN
27 SWITZERLAND
29 OTHER
30 AMERICAN INDIAN
31 INDIA
32 PORTUGAL
33 LITHUANIA
34 YUGOSLAVIA
35 RUMANIA
36 BELGIUM
37 ARABIC
38 OTHER SPANISH
39 NON-SPAN WEST INDIES
40 OTHER ASIAN
41 OTHER EUROPEAN
97 AMERICA ONLY
0 UNCODEABLE
99 NA

EVPAIDSX Thinking about the time since your 18th birthday, have you ever had sex with a person you paid or who paid you for sex?
1 YES
2 NO
0 NAP
9 NA

EVSTRAY Have you ever had sex with someone other than your husband or wife while you were married?
1 YES
2 NO
3 NEVER MARRIED
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

FAIRHWRK How fair do you feel the division of work around the house is in your household? Would you say that it is fair to both you and your spouse or partner, unfair to you, or your spouse or partner.
1 FAIR TO BOTH
2 UNFAIR TO ME
3 UNFAIR TO PARTNER
0 NAP
8 DON'T KNOW
9 NA

FAMFINAN Now I would like to ask you about you and your (husband/wife)organize your finances. Which comes closest to describing the system that you and your (husband/wife) use?
1 WIFE MANAGES
2 HUSBAND MANAGES
3 WIFE HAS ALLOWANCE
4 ALL MONEY POOLED
5 SOME MONEY POOLED
6 KEEP MONEY SEPARATED
0 NAP
9 NA

FAMGEN Number of family generations in household
1 1 GEN
2 2 GEN, CHILDREN
3 2 GEN, PARENTS
4 2 GEN, GRANDCHILDREN
5 3 GEN, GRANDCHILDREN
6 3 GEN, CHILD, PARENTS
7 4 GENS

FAMLIFE How successful do you feel in your family life?
1 NOT AT ALL SUCCESSFUL
2 NOT VERY SUCCESSFUL
3 VERY SUCCESSFUL
4 SOMEWHAT SUCCESSFUL
5 COMPLETELY SUCCESSFUL
0 NAP
8 DON'T KNOW
9 NA

FEAR Is there any area right around here--that is, within a mile--where you would be afraid to walk alone at night?
1 YES
2 NO
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

FEBEAR If the husband in a family wants children, but the wife decides that she does not want any children, is it all right for the wife to refuse to have children?
1 YES
2 NO
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

FECHILD A working mother can establish just as warm and secure a relationship with her children as a mother who does not work.
1 STRONGLY AGREE
2 AGREE
3 DISAGREE
4 STRONGLY DISAGREE
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

FEFAM It is much better for everyone involved if the man is the achiever outside the home and the woman takes care of the home, and family.
1 STRONGLY AGREE
2 AGREE
3 DISAGREE
4 STRONGLY DISAGREE
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

FEHELP It is more important for a wife to help her husband's career than to have one herself.
1 STRONGLY AGREE
2 AGREE
3 DISAGREE
4 STRONGLY DISAGREE
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

FEHIRE Because of past discrimination, employers should make special efforts to hire and promote qualified women.
1 STRONGLY AGREE
2 AGREE
3 NEITHER
4 DISAGREE
5 STRONGLY DISAGREE
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

FEHOME Women should take care of running their homes and leave running the country up to men.
1 AGREE
2 DISAGREE
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

FEIMP How important is the women's rights issue to you--would you say it is one of the most important, important, not very important, or not important at all?
1 ONE OF MOST IMP
2 IMPORTANT
3 NOT VERY IMPORTANT
4 NOT AT ALL IMPORTANT
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

FEKIDS1 Women are biologically better-suited to care for children. How important do you think this reason is for explaining why women are more likely to take care of children?
1 VERY IMPORTANT
2 IMPORTANT
3 SOMEWHAT IMPORTANT
4 NOT IMPORTANT AT ALL
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

FEKIDS2 Women are taught from childhood how to care for children. How important do you think this reason is for explaining why women are more likely to take care of children?
1 VERY IMPORTANT
2 IMPORTANT
3 SOMEWHAT IMPORTANT
4 NOT IMPORTANT AT ALL
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

FEKIDS3 The way society is set up, women don't have much choice. How important do you think this reason is for explaining why women are more likely to take care of children?
1 VERY IMPORTANT
2 IMPORTANT
3 SOMEWHAT IMPORTANT
4 NOT AT ALL IMPORTANT
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

FEKIDS4 Men have more freedom to do other things. How important do you think this reason is for explaining why women are more likely to take care of children?
1 VERY IMPORTANT
2 IMPORTANT
3 SOMEWHAT IMPORTANT
4 NOT AT ALL IMPORTANT
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

FEKIDS5 It is God's will that women care for children. How important do you think this reason is for explaining why women are more likely to take care of children?
1 VERY IMPORTANT
2 IMPORTANT
3 SOMEWHAT IMPORTANT
4 NOT AT ALL IMPORTANT
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

FELESS1 Men work harder on the job then women do. How important do you think this reason is for explaining why women earn less?
1 VERY IMPORTANT
2 IMPORTANT
3 SOMEWHAT IMPORTANT
4 NOT AT ALL IMPORTANT
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

FELESS2 Women's family responsibilities keep them from putting as much time and effort into their jobs as men do. How important do you think this reason is for explaining why women earn less?
1 VERY IMPORTANT
2 IMPORTANT
3 SOMEWHAT IMPORTANT
4 NOT AT ALL IMPORTANT
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

FELESS3 Employers tend to give men better paying jobs then women. How important do you think this reason is for explaining why women earn less?
1 VERY IMPORTANT
2 IMPORTANT
3 SOMEWHAT IMPORTANT
4 NOT AT ALL IMPORTANT
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

FEMINIST Do you think of yourself as a feminist or not?
1 YES
2 NO
0 NAP
8 Don't Know
9 NA

FENEWS When reading, watching, or listening to the news, how often do you pay attention to issues that especially affect women-very often, fairly often, not too often, or never?
1 VERY OFTEN
2 FAIRLY OFTEN
3 NOT TOO OFTEN
4 NEVER
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

FEPOL Most men are better suited emotionally for politics than are most women.
1 AGREE
2 DISAGREE
0 NAP
8 NOT SURE
9 NA

FEPRES If your party nominated a woman for President, would you vote for her if she were qualified for the job?
1 YES
2 NO
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

FEPRESCH A preschool child is likely to suffer if his or her mother works.
1 STRONGLY AGREE
2 AGREE
3 DISAGREE
4 STRONGLY DISAGREE
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

FEWORK Do you approve or disapprove of a married woman earning money in business or industry if she has a husband capable of supporting her?
1 APPROVE
2 DISAPPROVE
0 NAP
8 NOT SURE
9 NA

FINALTER During the last few years, has your financial situation been getting better, worse, or has it stayed the same?
1 BETTER
2 WORSE
3 STAYED SAME
8 DON'T KNOW
9 NA

FINRELA Compared with American families in general, would you say your family income is far below average, below average, average, above average, or far above average?
1 FAR BELOW AVERAGE
2 BELOW AVERAGE
3 AVERAGE
4 ABOVE AVERAGE
5 FAR ABOVE AVERAGE
8 DK
9 NA

FLEXTIME It is becoming more common for employers to offer ways for people to combine work and being a parent. For each of the following, please tell me whether or not you think that employers should offer these options to their workers. Allow workers more flexible hours, to handle family responsibility?
1 YES
2 NO
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

GENEABRT Suppose a test shows the baby has a serious genetic defect. Would you (yourself want to/ want your partner to) have an abortion if a test shows the baby has a serious genetic defect?
1 HAVE ABORTION
2 NO ABORTION
0 NAP
8 DON'T KNOW
9 NA

GENESELF Today, tests are being developed that make it possible to detect serious genetic defects before a baby is born. But so far, it is impossible either to treat or to correct most of them. If (you/your partner) were pregnant, would you want (her) to have a test to find out if the baby has any serious genetic defects?
1 HAVE TEST
2 NO TEST
0 NAP
8 DON'T KNOW
9 NA

GOODLIFE The way things are in America, people like me and my family have a good chance of improving our standard of living --do you agree or disagree?
1 STRONGLY AGREE
2 AGREE
3 NEITHER
4 DISAGREE
5 STRONGLY DISAGREE
0 NAP
8 CAN'T CHOOSE
9 NA

HAPBOYS What about boys growing up today? Do you think their chances for a happy family life will be better than yours, about the same, or worse than yours?
1 BETTER
2 ABOUT SAME
3 WORSE
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

HAPFEEL On how many days in the past 7 days have you felt happy?
-1 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

HAPGIRLS Think about girls growing up today? Do you think their chances for a happy family life will be better than yours, about the same, or worse than yours?
1 BETTER
2 ABOUT SAME
3 WORSE
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

HAPMAR Taking things all together, how would you describe your marriage? Would you say that your marriage is very happy, pretty happy, or not too happy?
1 VERY HAPPY
2 PRETTY HAPPY
3 NOT TOO HAPPY
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

HAPPY Taken all together, how would you say things are these days would you say that you are very happy, pretty happy, or not too happy?
1 VERY HAPPY
2 PRETTY HAPPY
3 NOT TOO HAPPY
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

HEALTH Would you say your own health, in general, is excellent, good, fair, or poor?
1 EXCELLENT
2 GOOD
3 FAIR
4 POOR
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

HHRACE Race of household
1 WHITE
2 BLACK
3 AMERICAN INDIAN
4 ASIATIC, ORIENTAL
5 OTHER, MIXED
8 DK
9 NA

HHTYPE Household Type
1 1ADLT, 0KIDS
2 1ADLT, 1+KIDS
3 2ADLT, MAR,0KIDS
4 2ADLT, MAR,1KID+
5 2ADLT,MARDK,0KIDS
6 2ADLTS,DKMAR, 1+KID
7 2AS,NTMAR,NTREL,OPSE
8 2AS, NTMAR, NTREL, OPSE
9 2AS, NTMAR,NTREL,SMSE
10 2AS, NTMAR,NTREL,SMSE
11 2ADLTS,NTMAR,REL,OKI
12 2ADLTS,NTMAR,REL,1+K
13 2ADLTS,NTMAR,DKREL
14 2ADLTS,NTMAR,DKREL,1
16 2AS,NTMAR,NTREL,DKSE
23 3ADLTS,0MAR,REL,OKID
26 3ADLTS,OMAR,REL,0KID
27 3ADLT,OMAR,RE
28 3ADLTS,OMAR,NTREL,OK
31 3ADLTS,1MAR,SP,REL,0
38 3ADLTS,1MAR,NTREL,OK
41 3ADLTS,2MAR,SP,REL,0
42 3ADLTS,2MAR,REL,SP0
43 3ADLTS,2MAR,REL,0KIDS
44 3ADLTS,2MAR,SP,NTREL
47 3ADLTS,2MAR,NTREL,RE
48 3ADLT,2MAR,NTREL,OK
51 3ADLTS, 3MAR,NTREL,OK
53 3ADLTS,3MAR,REL,0KID
100 4+ADLTS,OMAR,0KIDS
101 4+ADLTS,OMAR,OKIDS
102 4+ADLTS,1MAR,OKIDS
104 4+ADLTS,4+MAR,OKIDS
121 3ADLTS,0MAR,SP,REL,1
123 3ADLTS,OMAR,REL,1+KI
126 3ADLTS,OMAR,REL,1+KI
127 3ADLTS,OMAR,NTREL,RE
128 3ADLTS,OMAR,NTREL,1+
131 3ADLTS,1MAR,SP,REL,1
133 3ADLT,1MAR,REL,REL
137 3ADLTS,1MAR,NTREL,RE
138 3ADLT,1MAR,NTREL,1+
140 3ADLTS,2MAR,SP,1+KID
141 3ADLTS,2MAR,SP,REL,1
142 3ADLTS,2MAR,REL,SP,1
143 3ADLTS,2MAR,REL,1+KI
144 3ADLTS,2MAR,SP,NTREL
147 3ADLTS,2MAR,NTREL,RE
151 3ADLTS,3MAR,REL,1
153 3ADLTS,3MAR,REL,1+KI
200 4+ADLTS,OMAR,1+KIDS
202 4+ADLTS,2MAR,1+KIDS
203 4+ADLTS,3MAR,1+KIDS
204 4+ADLTS,4+MAR,1+KIDS
999 NA

HHTYPE1 Household type (condensed)
1 MARRIED COUPLE, NO CHILDREN
2 SINGLE PARENT
3 OTHER FAM., NO CHILDREN
4 SINGLE ADULT
5 COHAB COUPLE, NO CHILDREN
6 NON-FAMILY, NO CHILDREN
8 UNSURE, NO CHILDREN
11 MARRIED COUPLE W CHILDREN
13 COHAB COUPLE W CHILDREN
15 COHAB COUPLE W CHILDREN
16 NON-FAMILY W CHILDREN
18 UNSURE W CHILDREN
99 NA

HMEMAKER We'd like your views on how the women's movement has affected certain groups. For each group I name, please tell me whether you think the women's movement has improved their lives, made their lives worst, or had no effect on their lives. What about full-time homemakers.
1 IMPROVED
2 WORSE
3 NO EFFECT
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

HOMOSEX What about sexual relations between two adults of the same sex--do you think it is always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all?
1 ALWAYS WRONG
2 ALMOST ALWAYS WRONG
3 SOMETIMES WRONG
4 NOT WRONG AT ALL
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

HOMPOP Number of persons in household

HRS1 How many hours did you work last week, at all jobs (if working part or full time)?
-1 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

INCOME91 In which of these groups did your total family income, from all sources, fall last year before tax?
1 LT $1000
2 $1000-2999
3 $3000-3999
4 $4000-4999
5 $5000-5999
6 $6000-6999
7 $7000-7999
8 $8000-9999
9 $10000-12499
10 $12500-14999
11 $15000-17499
12 $17500-19999
13 $20000-22499
14 $22500-24999
15 $25000-29999
16 $30000-34999
17 $35000-39999
18 $40000-49999
19 $50000-59999
20 $60000-74999
21 $75000+
22 REFUSED
98 DK
99 NA

JOBFIND About how easy would it be for you to find a job with another employer with approximately the same income and fringe benefits you now have? Would you say very easy, somewhat easy, or not easy at all?
1 VERY EASY
2 SOMEWHAT EASY
3 NOT EASY
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

JOBLOSE Thinking about the next 12 months, how likely do you think it is that you will lose your job or be laid off--very likely, fairly likely, not too likely, or not at all likely?
1 VERY LIKELY
2 FAIRLY LIKELY
3 NOT TOO LIKELY
4 NOT LIKELY
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

JOBSALL On the whole, do you think it should or should not be the government's responsibility to provide a job for everyone who wants one?
1 DEFINITELY SHOULD BE
2 PROBABLY SHOULD BE
3 PROBABLY SHOULD NOT BE
4 DEFINITELY SHOULD NOT BE
0 NAP
8 CAN'T CHOOSE
9 NA

KIDSSOL When your children are at the age you are now, do you think their standard of living will be much better, somewhat better, about the same, somewhat worse, or much worse than yours is now?
1 MUCH BETTER
2 SOMEWHAT BETTER
3 ABOUT THE SAME
4 SOMEWHAT WORSE
5 MUCH WORSE
0 NAP, NO CHILDREN
8 DK
9 NA

LAYOFFS From time to time companies must lay-off some of their employees. If some have to be laid-off, who, in your opinion has the greatest right to keep their jobs?
1 WORKED LONGEST
2 GREATEST NEEDS
3 BEST WORKERS
4 DIFFICULTY FINDING JOB
5 UNION MEMBERS
6 OLDER EMPLOYEES
7 YOUNGER EMPLOYEES
8 MEN
11 MINORITY-NON-WHITE
12 OTHER
13 OWNERS, BOSSES
14 ESSENTIAL EMPLOYEES
15 NEWEST EMPLOYEES
16 MOST LOYAL EMPLOYEES
17 PRODUCTION
0 NAP
98 DK
99 NA

LETDIE1 When a person has a disease that cannot be cured, do you think doctors should be allowed by law to end the patient's life by some painless means if the patient and his family request it?
1 YES
2 NO
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

LIFE In general, do you find life exciting, pretty routine, or dull?
1 EXCITING
2 ROUTINE
3 DULL
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

LITCNTRL I have little control over the bad things that happen to me.
1 STRONGLY AGREE
2 AGREE
3 NEITHER
4 DISAGREE
5 STRONGLY DISAGREE
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

LIVEBLKS Now I'm going to ask you about different types of contact with various groups of people. In each situation would you please tell me whether you would be very much in favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed, or very much opposed to it happening? Living in a neighborhood where half of your neighbors were blacks?
1 STRONGLY FAVOR
2 FAVOR
3 NEITHER FAVOR NOR OPPOSE
4 OPPOSE
5 STRONGLY OPPOSE
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

LONELY On how many days in the past 7 days have you felt lonely?
-1 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

MANPROF We'd like your views on how the women's movement has affected certain groups. For each group I name, please tell me whether you think the women's movement has improved their lives, made their lives worst, or had no effect on their lives. What about women with management or professional jobs?
1 IMPROVED
2 WORSE
3 NO EFFECT
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

MARBLK How about having a close relative or family member marry a black person? Would you be very in favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed, or very opposed to it happening?
1 STRONGLY FAVOR
2 FAVOR
3 NEITHER FAVOR NOR OPPOSE
4 OPPOSE
5 STRONGLY OPPOSE
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

MARFREE Personal freedom is more important than the companionship of marriage.
1 STRONGLY AGREE
2 AGREE
3 NEITHER
4 DISAGREE
5 STRONGLY DISAGREE
0 NAP
8 CAN'T CHOOSE
9 NA

MARITAL Are you currently--married, widowed, divorced, separated, or have you never been married?
1 MARRIED
2 WIDOWED
3 DIVORCED
4 SEPARATED
5 NEVER MARRIED

MEBEAR If the wife in a family wants children, but the husband decides that he does not want any children, is it all right for the husband to refuse to have children.
1 YES
2 NO
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

MEN We'd like your views on how the women's movement has affected certain groups. For each group I name, please tell me whether you think the women's movement has improved their lives, made their lives worst, or had no effect on their lives. What about men?
1 IMPROVED
2 WORSE
3 NO EFFECT
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

MENBEN In many married couples, women take the main responsibility for the care of the home and children, while men take responsibility for supporting the family financially. Do men benefit from this?
1 YES
2 NO
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

MENHRT In many married couples, women take the main responsibility for the care of the home and children, while men take responsibility for supporting the family financially. Are men hurt from this?
1 YES
2 NO
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

MEOVRWRK Family life often suffers because men concentrate too much on their work.
1 STRONGLY AGREE
2 AGREE
3 NEITHER
4 DISAGREE
5 STRONGLY DISAGREE
0 NAP
8 CAN'T CHOOSE
9 NA

NOONEBEN In many married couples, women take the main responsibility for the care of the home and children, while men take responsibility for supporting the family financially. Do you feel that no one benefits?
1 YES
2 NO
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

NOONEHRT In many married couples, women take the main responsibility for the care of the home and children, while men take responsibility for supporting the family financially. Do you feel that no one is hurt?
1 YES
2 NO
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

NUMMEN Now thinking about the time since your 18th birthday (including the past 12 months), how many male partners have you had sex with?
-1 NAP
999 NA, UNCODEABLE

NUMWOMEN Now thinking about the time since your 18th (including the past 12 months), how many female partners have you had sex with?
-1 NAP
999 NA, UNCODEABLE

PARLEAVE It is becoming more common for employers to offer ways for people to combine work and being a parent. For each of the following, please tell me whether or not you think that employers should offer these options to their workers. Offer paid time off to new parents?
1 YES
2 NO
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

PARSOL Compared to your parents when they were the age you are now, do you think your own standard of living now is much better, somewhat better, about the same, somewhat worse, or much worse than theirs was?
1 MUCH BETTER
2 SOMEWHAT BETTER
3 ABOUT THE SAME
4 SOMEWHAT WORSE
5 MUCH WORSE
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

PARTFULL When you worked in 1996, was it usually full or part time?
1 FULL-TIME
2 PART-TIME
0 NAP
8 DON'T KNOW
9 NA

PARTNERS How many sex partners have you had in the last 12 months?
0 NO PARTNERS
1 1 PARTNER
2 2 PARTNERS
3 3 PARTNERS
4 4 PARTNERS
5 5-10 PARTNERS
6 11-20 PARTNERS
7 21-100 PARTNERS
9 1 OR MORE, DK #
-1 NAP
98 DK
99 NA

PILLOK Methods of birth control should be available to teenagers between the ages of 14 and 16 if their parents do not approve?
1 STRONGLY AGREE
2 AGREE
3 DISAGREE
4 STRONGLY DISAGREE
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

PORNLAW Which of these statements comes closest to your feelings about pornography laws?
1 ILLEGAL TO ALL
2 ILLEGAL UNDER 18
3 LEGAL
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

PREMARSX There's been a lot of discussion about the way morals and attitudes about sex are changing in this country. If a man and woman have sex relations before marriage, do you think it is always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all?
1 ALWAYS WRONG
2 ALMOST ALWAYS WRONG
3 SOMETIMES WRONG
4 NOT WRONG AT ALL
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

PROUD On how many days in the last 7 days have you felt proud of something you'd done?
-1 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

RACE What race do you consider yourself?
1 WHITE
2 BLACK
3 OTHER

RELIG What is your religious preference?
1 PROTESTANT
2 CATHOLIC
3 JEWISH
4 NONE
5 OTHER
8 DK
9 NA

RELIGID When it comes to your religious identity, would you say you are a fundamentalist, evangelical, mainline, or liberal Protestant or do none of these describe you?
1 FUNDAMENTALIST
2 EVANGELICAL
3 MAINLINE
4 LIBERAL
5 NONE
6 OTHER
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

RHMEWRK We're interested in knowing how much of the work around your house is done by different people. We don't mean taking care of children -- just regular work around the house, like cooking, grocery shopping, and doing little repair jobs. How much of this work do you do?
1 ALL
2 MOST
3 ABOUT HALF AND HALF
4 SOME
5 VERY LITTLE OR NONE
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

RICHWORK If you were to get enough money to live as comfortably as you would like for the rest of your life, would you continue to work or would you stop working?
1 CONTINUE WORKING
2 STOP WORKING
0 NAP
8 DON'T KNOW
9 NA

SATFIN We are interested in how people are getting along financially these days. So far as you and your family are concerned, would you say that you are pretty well satisfied with your present financial situation, more or less satisfied, or not satisfied at all?
1 SATISFIED
2 MORE OR LESS
3 NOT AT ALL
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

SATJOB On the whole, how satisfied are you with the work you do--would you say you are very satisfied, moderately satisfied, a little dissatisfied, or very dissatisfied?
1 VERY SATISFIED
2 MODERATELY SATISFIED
3 A LITTLE DISSATISFIED
4 VERY DISSATISFIED
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

SEI Respondent's socioeconomic index. Measure of occupational prestige which is based on the work of Otis Dudley Duncan. Low scores indicate low prestige and high scores indicate high prestige. See the appendices in the Cumulative Codebook for the General Social Surveys for more information.
0 NAP

SELFIRST You have to take care of yourself first, and if you have any energy left over, then help other people.
1 STRONGLY AGREE
2 AGREE
3 NEITHER AGREE NOR DISAGREE
4 DISAGREE
5 STRONGLY DISAGREE
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

SELLBABY Recently, some married couples who are unable to have children have paid women, called "surrogate mothers" to bear a child for them. When the child is born, the couple becomes its adoptive parents and the surrogate mother receives a fee. Do you think that this practice should be permitted or forbidden under the law?
1 FORBID IT
2 PERMIT IT
0 NAP
8 DON'T KNOW
9 NA

SELLORGN A body organ that is much in need and that people may contribute are kidneys. Most people can live with only one kidney, though their chances of survival are better if they have two. Do you believe that people with two healthy kidneys should be permitted to sell a kidney to a hospital or organ center to use for transplants?
1 DEFINITELY NOT
2 PROBABLY NOT
3 PERHAPS
4 PROBABLY
5 DEFINITELY
0 NAP 
8 DK
9 NA

SELLSEX There is nothing inherently wrong with prostitution, so long as the health risks can be minimized. If consenting adults agree to exchange money for sex, that is their business.
1 AGREE STRONGLY
2 AGREE SOMEWHAT
3 DISAGREE SOMEWHAT
4 DISAGREE STRONGLY
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

SEX Respondent's sex
1 MALE
2 FEMALE

SEXEDUC Would you be for or against sex education in the public schools?
1 FAVOR
2 OPPOSE
0 NAP
8 DON'T KNOW
9 NA

SEXFREQ About how often did you have sex during the last 12 months?
0 NOT AT ALL
1 ONCE OR TWICE
2 ONCE A MONTH
3 2-3 TIMES A MONTH
4 WEEKLY
5 2-3 PER WEEK
6 4+ PER WEEK
-1 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

SEXHAR Sometimes at work people find themselves the object of sexual advances, propositions, or unwanted sexual discussions from co-workers or supervisors. The advances sometimes involve physical contact and sometimes just involve sexual conversations. Has this ever happened to you?
1 YES
2 NO
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

SEXPROMO Do you think your being a (man/woman) makes your promotion opportunities better or worse?
1 BETTER
2 WORSE
3 NO EFFECT
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

SEXSEX Have your sex partners in the last 12 months been.....
1 EXCLUSIVELY MALE
2 BOTH MALE AND FEMALE
3 EXCLUSIVELY FEMALE
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

SHARESEP Prefer where women and men do things:
1 TOGETHER
2 SEPARATELY
0 NAP
8 DON'T KNOW
9 NA

SPANKING It is sometimes necessary to discipline a child with a good, hard spanking.
1 STRONGLY AGREE
2 AGREE
3 DISAGREE
4 STRONGLY DISAGREE
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

SPHMEWRK It is becoming more common for employers to offer ways for people to combine work and being a parent. For each of the following, please tell me whether or not you think that employers should offer these options to their workers. How much housework does your spouse or partner do?
1 ALL
2 MOST
3 ABOUT HALF
4 SOME
5 VERY LITTLE OR NONE
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

SPHRS1 How many hours did your husband/wife work last week, at all jobs (if working part or full time)?
-1 NAP
98 DK
99 NA

TEENS Number of household members 13 to 17 years old

TEENSEX What if they are in their early teens, say 14 to 16 years old? In that case, do you think sex relations before marriage are always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all?
1 ALWAYS WRONG
2 ALMOST ALWAYS WRONG
3 SOMETIMES WRONG
4 NOT WRONG AT ALL
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

THNKSELF If you had to choose, which thing on this list would you pick as the most important for a child to learn to prepare him or her for life? To think for himself or herself.
1 MOST IMPORTANT
2 2ND IMPORTANT
3 3rd IMPORTANT
4 4th IMPORTANT
5 LEAST IMPORTANT
0 NAP
9 NA

TRADMOD Type of relations preferred with partner
1 MAN RESPONSIBLE
2 BOTH RESPONSIBLE
0 NAP
8 DON'T KNOW
9 NA

TWOINCS Both the husband and the wife should contribute to the household income.
1 STRONGLY AGREE
2 AGREE
3 NEITHER
4 DISAGREE
5 STRONGLY DISAGREE
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

WOMENBEN In many married couples, women take the main responsibility for the care of the home and children, while men take responsibility for supporting the family financially. Do women benefit from this?
1 YES
2 NO
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

WOMENHRT In many married couples, women take the main responsibility for the care of the home and children, while men take responsibility for supporting the family financially. Are women hurt from this?
1 YES
2 NO
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

WORKLIFE How successful do you feel in your work life?
1 NOT AT ALL SUCCESSFUL
2 NOT VERY SUCCESSFUL
3 VERY SUCCESSFUL
4 SOMEWHAT SUCCESSFUL
5 COMPLETELY SUCCESSFUL
0 NAP
8 DON'T KNOW
9 NA

WRKCLASS We'd like your views on how the women's movement has affected certain groups. For each group I name, please tell me whether you think the women's movement has improved their lives, made their lives worst, or had no effect on their lives. What about women with working-class jobs?
1 IMPROVED
2 WORSE
3 NO EFFECT
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA

WRKSTAT Last week were you working full time, part time, going to school, keeping house, or what?
1 WORKING FULLTIME
2 WORKING PARTTIME
3 TEMP NOT WORKING
4 UNEMPLOYED, LAID OFF
5 RETIRED
6 SCHOOL
7 KEEPING HOUSE
8 OTHER

XMARSEX What is your opinion about a married person having sexual relations with someone other than the marriage partner--is it always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all?
1 ALWAYS WRONG
2 ALMOST ALWAYS WRONG
3 SOMETIMES WRONG
4 NOT WRONG AT ALL
0 NAP
8 DK
9 NA


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