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(2013-2015 CATALOG)


Lower Division  

PPA 275 American Government and Public Administration (5)

This course analyzes the field of public administration. Topics analyzed include the role of government in American society, the historic development of the public service, management issues related to modern governmental enterprises, problems of personnel, public budgeting, and alternative strategies for securing administrative responsibility. The course focuses on readings and cases pertaining to local and state administration, although issues involving the federal level are discussed where appropriate.

Upper Division

PPA 300 Public Management and Leadership (5)

Introduces basic principles of responsible leadership, effective management, organizational change in public, nonprofit and health care management settings. Includes social science issues in: authority, motivation, organization behavior, and leadership styles. GE T3.

PPA 320 Information and Data Management in Public Administration (5)

This course explores how information technology and data management techniques are being used in public organizations to manage organizational processes, plan community action, and evaluate service. The problems and promise of IT are examined and the student learns basic skills in information and data management. Case studies and IT professionals are used to enhance learning.

PPA 325 Introduction to Administrative Law and Bureaucracy (5)

This course introduces the student to the concepts and processes of administrative law and governmental regulation. It reviews the evolution of administrative authority, rule-making, enforcement, adjudication, and judicial review.

PPA 340 Policy Networks (5)

This course offers an overview of the policy-making process and policy networks at the national, state, and local levels. This process can be divided (somewhat arbitrarily) into several stages: agenda setting, policy formulations, policy adoption, budgeting, policy implementation, and policy evaluation. The course covers the relevant literature on each stage of the process. The course will also examine several important policy areas including economic policy, energy and environmental policy, crime and criminal justice, welfare policy, health policy, education policy, legal and social equality, immigration policy, and life-style policy. GE T3.

PPA 350 Nonprofit Organizations in America (5)

The nonprofit sector is an important feature in American society, a force in our economy, and a distinctive feature in the American democracy. This course introduces the student to the nature, scope, values, and unique features of nonprofit and social service organizations. The concepts of philanthropy, charity, and welfare are explored and the student establishes a relationship with a local nonprofit.

PPA 401 Analytical Methods in Administration (5) *May be taken as an MPA Core/Foundation

This seminar provides an introduction to applied research and basic statistical techniques for decision-making in public administration and the management of health care and nonprofit agencies. The course covers experimental, quasi-experimental, and non-experimental research designs; measurement; data gathering techniques and sources, including survey research; and the evaluation and communication of research findings. Serves as undergraduate PPA statistics requirement and MPA and MSA-HCM foundation course. Students should have familiarity with interval level statistics.

PPA 419 Aging Services Administration (5)

This course focuses on current administration processes and the organization of services to the aging. It also surveys related policies at the national, state, and local levels. There is special emphasis on services present in Kern County.

PPA 425 The U.S. Health Care System: Then and Now (5)

This course explores the development of the US health care system—social, cultural, economic, and political—to identify the values of this unique system of financing and delivering health care services. Comparisons are made between the past and present, the systems of other nations with that of the US, medical and social theories of different systems, and importantly the present and future of US health care. Students interested in careers in health and health care are encouraged to develop a frame of reference about health care that is provided through this introductory course. The course is delivered as either a hybrid or a completely online course.

PPA 426 Marketing in Health and Human Services (5)

This course focuses on aligning health and human services offerings with the demands of markets, in order to maximize customer/client value and organizational competitive advantage. Course components include: the nature of marketing function; differences in services and product markets and marketing; market analysis, fundamentals of individual and organizational buying behavior; elements of the tactical marketing mix; and marketing strategies.

PPA 430 Parks, Public Lands, and the Environment (5)

This seminar provides a survey of major parks, forests, public land issues, and institutions at the local, state, and national levels. Key topics include law enforcement and order maintenance, regulatory enforcement, safety and security concerns, visitors and ranger diversity, and ecological environmental policies for parks, forests, and other public lands and recreational areas.

PPA 450 Contract Management (5)

This course examines principles, practices, and issues of contract management activities within government, nonprofit, and commercial/business organizations. A comprehensive evaluation of the process addresses the fundamentals of managing the entire contract life cycle of small to large transactions in a management systems approach. Participants develop practical competencies in using different planning, development, implementation, monitoring, and close-out templates and guidelines, as well as techniques relating to critical thinking, problem solving, and decision making. Federal Acquisition Regulations’ principles are integrated into the transaction process to address the extended range of contracting complexities associated with expanded expectations, such as delivery of advanced technology systems or logistical issues involving intricate delivery schedules.

PPA 465 The Art and Science of Supervision (5)

The purpose of this course is to develop or enhance skills for effective supervision at all levels in a variety of settings. Two primary areas of supervision will be addressed: work environments (organizational structures, culture, climates, norms, and values) and leadership skills (motivation, communication, and human relations). Supplemental areas of study will include the processes of change, issues in training and development, ethics in the decision-making process, and forms of supervision including coaching and mentoring. The course will also explore the theoretical, philosophical and historical foundations of supervision.

PPA 470 Economics of the Public Sector (5)

Economic theories relating market efficiency and failure, public expenditure, taxation, and political and bureaucratic behavior. Examination of programs and policies in areas such as health care, technology, social insurance, welfare and income redistribution, child care and education, and transportation. Examination of the tax system, fiscal federalism, and state and local government revenue and expenditure patterns. Online information resources are used to locate and assess policy analyses and analyze expenditures and revenues for all levels of government. Prerequisite: ECON 201 or 201. Cross-listed with ECON 470.

PPA 471 Administration in the Justice System (5)

This course provides an intensive analysis of the major components of the criminal justice system as well as they interrelationships between the system’s primary components. Management personnel, decision-making, and planning problems faced by administrators within the justice system will be explored through guest presentations, discussion, and individual and group presentations.

PPA 473 Public Administration and the Political Process (5)

This course utilizes readings and discussion on the functions of public administration in a democratic political system. Case studies, guest presentations, individual and group presentations explore the media, pressure group processes, and the relationships between administration and political processes in defining the public interest and responding to social conditions.

PPA 475 Introduction to Emergency Management (5)

This course will examine the issues surrounding emergency management since September 11, 2001. We will pay particular attention to the four phases of emergency management (mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery), the organization of emergency management, and the politics of emergency management.

PPA 476 Public Human Resources Administration (5)

This course explores several of the major issues and ideas of public personnel administration: selection, promotion, pay, and discipline of public administrators; the merit system; civil service boards; collective bargaining in the public sector; and ethical problems of modern public administrators. Includes discussion of nonprofit agency personnel administration.

PPA 477 Selected Topics in Public Policy and Administration (1-5)

In-depth studies of selected topics or topics not covered in regular courses are offered on a student demand basis. Topics vary each quarter; prerequisites announced for each topic. Conducted on seminar basis.

PPA 478 Budgeting in Public Organizations (5)

This course will introduce the student to the major concepts of public budgeting and finance in the United States. Budgeting at all levels of government will be covered. Key topics of study include: expenditure estimation, revenue forecasting, capital budgeting, budget reform, and financial management. The role of the budget in the policy process will also be emphasized.

PPA 479 Urban Planning and Public Policy (2.5-5)

This course introduces the student to the philosophy, theory, and practice of urban planning. In particular, the course material examines the development of critics and urban regions and the structure and functions of contemporary cities. Students will conduct a critical review of alternative theories, recent trends, and new directions in American planning concepts and institutions. In addition, the course will feature an analysis of the context, function, and legal aspects of land use controls, construction codes, mass transit, urban renewal, model cities, new towns, and related aspects of policy and programs implementation. The course may be offered for either 2.5 credits in five weeks or 5 credits in 10 weeks. The 10-week course will provide a more in-depth coverage of the topic. Matched with PPA 524 State, Local, and Intergovernmental Management if taught for 2.5 credits in five weeks.

PPA 489 Prior Experiential Learning (1-20)

This course is designed to provide a mechanism by which new or continuing students may receive academic credit for prior experiential learning through a portfolio review process. Students may earn up to 20 credits through this mechanism. To be eligible for academic credit, a student’s prior experiential learning must meet the following criteria: (1) the learning must have subject matter knowledge or base; (2) the learning must have general applicability outside the specific situation in which it was acquired; (3) the learning must be equivalent to college level work in terms of quality; (4) the students must be able to demonstrate that they know the relationship between what they have learned and other related subject fields and their own goals; and (5) the learning must be verifiable; i.e., the students must be able to demonstrate that they possess the learning which they have claimed. The Undergraduate Program Advisor in the Department of Public Policy and Administration will make decisions regarding the awarding of credit. Prerequisites: General Studies Portfolio Development course or PPA 499 focused on portfolio development.

PPA 490 Senior Seminar in Public Administration (5)

This capstone seminar for students in public administration examines: (1) the structure and environment of modern public bureaucracy; (2) the key administrative processes such as decision-making leadership, communications, budgeting, and personnel; (3) the policymaking process; (4) political and economic bases of public policy and administration. Prerequisites: PPA 275, 300, 476 (or MGMT 310), and PPA 478. PPA 490 is normally taken in the last quarter before graduation.

PPA 491 Survey of Public Administration (5) *May be taken as an MPA Core/Foundation requirement

This graduate seminar introduces and examines a variety of environmental forces, including social/sociological, micro/macro economics, political, constitutional/legal, that shape public administration. It discusses and analyzes the essential theories, principles, structures and trends in those areas that affect American public policy and administration, and provides a foundation for further graduate study of public administration. May be taken as a senior elective with department approval.

PPA 492 Program Evaluation (5) *May be taken as an MPA Core/Foundation requirement

(Application skills acquired in PPA 401) This course deals with the application of research methods to the evaluation of social service programs, particularly in health and human service agencies. This form of research provides knowledge of and about services, identifies the intended and unintended consequences of service interventions, and contributes information for policy decisions. Furthermore, program evaluation is an action based form of research and, therefore, this course is designed as an action based learning experience. Prerequisite: PPA 401

PPA 493 The Public Policy-Making Process (5) *May be taken as an MPA Core/Foundation requirement

This course examines the public policy-making process at the federal, state and local levels. Students will explore problem definition, agenda setting, policy formulation, policy legitimation, policy implementation, and policy evaluation. Students will explore the development of public policy by tracing individual social, economic, and health care policies through the stages of the process. GWAR

PPA 494 Contemporary Issues with Health Care Management (5)

Using case studies and class presentations, this graduate seminar introduces and examines the internal and external political, social, economic, and legal forces that affect the organization of health service. It explores health care policy innovations, the application of management theory to current health services problems, and the future of health services. May be taken as a senior elective with department approval.

PPA 496 Internship in Public Administration (5)

Students are assigned to various agencies and work under joint supervision of supervisors and the course instructor. Participation in staff and internship conferences, assigned reading, project where appropriate. (Arrangements should be made one quarter in advance, as enrollments are limited.) Prerequisites: permission of instructor. May be repeated for credit. Department determines application and number of units. Offered on a credit, no-credit basis only.

PPA 497 Cooperative Education (1-5)

The Cooperative Education Program provides a sponsored learning experience in a work setting, integrated with a field analysis seminar. The field experience, including the seminar and reading assignments, is supervised by the cooperative education coordinator and faculty liaison working with the field supervisor. May be repeated. May not be used as a substitute for requirements. Department to determine application and number of units. Offered on a credit, no-credit basis only.

PPA 499 Individual Study (1-5)

Individual supervised projects or directed reading projects for students qualified to carry on independent work. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor and department chair.